73 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Empirical examination of the replicability of associations between brain structure and psychological variables

    Shahrzad Kharabian Masouleh et al.
    Empirical evaluations demonstrate the low probability of finding and replicating significant associations between psychological tests and brain structure in healthy adults, highlighting the importance out-of-sample replication of exploratory findings.
    1. Neuroscience

    Perceptual decisions are biased by the cost to act

    Nobuhiro Hagura et al.
    When choosing between stimuli, the effort required to act on the resulting decision influences the processing of the stimuli themselves.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Codon optimization underpins generalist parasitism in fungi

    Thomas Badet et al.
    Codon optimization through biased synonymous substitutions is a characteristic feature of the genomes of generalist fungal parasites and is associated with the colonization of multiple hosts.
    1. Neuroscience

    The number of olfactory stimuli that humans can discriminate is still unknown

    Richard C Gerkin, Jason B Castro
    The recent claim that humans can discriminate more than one trillion odors is shown to be unwarranted.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optogenetically induced low-frequency correlations impair perception

    Anirvan Nandy et al.
    Low-frequency correlations among neurons in monkey visual area V4 impair the animal's ability to perform an attention-demanding task, suggesting a causal role of these fluctuations in perception.
    1. Neuroscience

    Decoupling sensory from decisional choice biases in perceptual decision making

    Daniel Linares et al.
    Perceptual decision making, even in simple scenarios, is affected by sensory and decisional choice biases.
    1. Neuroscience

    A virtual burrow assay for head–fixed mice measures habituation, discrimination, exploration and avoidance without training

    Andrew JP Fink et al.
    A naturalistic assay for head-fixed mice permits observation of a diverse set of innate and learned behaviors without requiring any training.
    1. Neuroscience

    Individual differences in selective attention predict speech identification at a cocktail party

    Daniel Oberfeld, Felicitas Klöckner-Nowotny
    Cocktail-party listening performance in normal-hearing listeners is associated with the ability to focus attention on a target stimulus in the presence of distractors.
    1. Neuroscience

    NPTX2 and cognitive dysfunction in Alzheimer’s Disease

    Mei-Fang Xiao et al.
    Dysfunction of pyramidal neuron-PV interneuron circuits contributes to cognitive failure in Alzheimer's disease.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Post-decision biases reveal a self-consistency principle in perceptual inference

    Long Luu, Alan A Stocker
    Humans are biased in their assessment of sensory information by their own preceding categorical judgment in an attempt to remain self-consistent.

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