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    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Fitness benefits in fluoroquinolone-resistant Salmonella Typhi in the absence of antimicrobial pressure

    Stephen Baker et al.
    The major evolutionary routes to drug resistance in Salmonella Typhi are associated with fitness benefits, not fitness costs, implying that prudent antimicrobial use will have no effect as a public health intervention in controlling typhoid fever.
  1. Research Culture: Framework for advancing rigorous research

    Walter J Koroshetz et al.
    Establishing a community of 'rigor champions' and building a comprehensive educational platform to teach the principles of rigorous science will help to ensure that the outputs of scientific research remain reliable and robust.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Microscopy: Looking below the surface in plants

    Rui Wang, Anna A Dobritsa
    A new way to culture and image flowers is uncovering the processes that take place in reproductive cells buried deep in plants.
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Philosophy of Biology: The analysis of living systems can generate both knowledge and illusions

    Antony M Jose
    By thinking about experimental techniques in terms of six broad approaches – perturbation, visualization, substitution, characterization, reconstitution, and simulation – researchers may be able to generate more reliable inferences.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Research Culture: Co-reviewing and ghostwriting by early-career researchers in the peer review of manuscripts

    Gary S McDowell et al.
    Early career researchers commonly peer review manuscripts on behalf of invited reviewers, often without receiving feedback or being named to the journal.
  2. Point of View: Four erroneous beliefs thwarting more trustworthy research

    Mark Yarborough et al.
    Strategies to improve public trust in biomedical research are being hindered by a scientific mindset that stifles interest in reform.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Meta-Research: Incidences of problematic cell lines are lower in papers that use RRIDs to identify cell lines

    Zeljana Babic et al.
    The use of Research Resource Identifiers (RRIDs) improves the proper use of cell lines in the biomedical literature.
  3. Meta-Research: How significant are the public dimensions of faculty work in review, promotion and tenure documents?

    Juan P Alperin et al.
    An analysis of review, promotion and tenure documents from 129 US and Canadian universities suggests institutions could better fulfill their public missions by changing how they incentivize the public dimensions of faculty work.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Point of View: Data science for the scientific life cycle

    Daphne Ezer, Kirstie Whitaker
    Each stage of the scientific life cycle stands to benefit from the introduction of data science techniques.
  4. Philosophy of Biology: Philosophical bias is the one bias that science cannot avoid

    Fredrik Andersen et al.
    Scientists should be aware of the non-empirical assumptions that influence all kinds of research.