2,165 results found
  1. Research: Publication bias and the canonization of false facts

    Silas Boye Nissen et al.
    Publication bias, in which positive results are preferentially reported by authors and published by journals, can restrict the visibility of evidence against false claims and allow such claims to be canonized inappropriately as facts.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Standardized mean differences cause funnel plot distortion in publication bias assessments

    Peter-Paul Zwetsloot et al.
    Funnel plots of the Standardized Mean Difference versus the standard error are prone to distortion, leading to false-positive tests for funnel plot asymmetry, and therefore using the Normalised Mean Difference, or a sample size-based precision estimate, are more reliable alternatives.
    1. Ecology

    Meta-analysis challenges a textbook example of status signalling and demonstrates publication bias

    Alfredo Sánchez-Tójar et al.
    Meta-analysis takes down a textbook example in behavioural and evolutionary ecology, and demonstrates the existence of biases in the current scientific publishing culture.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    A meta-analysis of threats to valid clinical inference in preclinical research of sunitinib

    Valerie C Henderson et al.
    Preclinical efficacy experiments testing sunitinib in animal cancer models display a lack of methodological rigour, with trim-and-fill analysis suggesting prominent publication bias that leads to an overestimation of treatment effect.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Chemokines: The cell sets the tone

    Jonna Alanko, Michael Sixt
    In zebrafish larvae, it is the cell type that determines how the cell responds to a chemokine signal.
    Insight
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    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Point of View: Competency-based assessment for the training of PhD students and early-career scientists

    Michael F Verderame et al.
    A method to assess the training of scientists, based on a set of 10 core competencies, is proposed.
  2. Peer Review: Searching for the one

    Helga Groll
    The views of peers are important when applying for a faculty position, but so are research plans and being a good 'fit'.
  3. Point of View: Correcting the bias against interdisciplinary research

    Ehud Shapiro
    When making decisions about funding and jobs the scientific community should recognise that most of the tools used to evaluate scientific excellence are biased in favour of established disciplines and against interdisciplinary research.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Science Forum: Unit of analysis issues in laboratory-based research

    Nick R Parsons et al.
    A simulation study is used to demonstrate how mistakes in identifying the experimental unit and the unit of analysis can lead to incorrect analyses and inappropriate inferences when reporting research studies.

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