3,978 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    The temporal and spectral characteristics of expectations and prediction errors in pain and thermoception

    Andreas Strube et al.
    Key variables required for pain perception in the context of a predictive coding model are correlated with distinct oscillatory profiles.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    SUMO is a pervasive regulator of meiosis

    Nikhil R Bhagwat et al.
    Multi-dimensional global proteomics describes the SUMO-modified proteome during meiosis and reveals novel roles in regulating the key events of meiotic chromosome metabolism.
    1. Neuroscience

    Medium spiny neurons activity reveals the discrete segregation of mouse dorsal striatum

    Javier Alegre-Cortés et al.
    Analysis of slow wave brain state unravels the functional connectivity and the biological substrate of the rodent dorsolateral and dorsomedial striatum, demonstrating its organization in two non-overlapping circuits.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Epidemiological transition to mortality and refracture following an initial fracture

    Thao Phuong Ho-Le et al.
    The concept of compound fracture risk is redefined to combine the risk that an individual will sustain a fracture and the risk of mortality once the fracture has occurred.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    New light shed on the early evolution of limb-bone growth plate and bone marrow

    Jordi Estefa et al.
    A three-dimensional investigation of extinct-tetrapod limbs shows that even though bone elongation and blood-cell production are intimately related to mammal long bones, these functions actually appeared successively in tetrapod evolution.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mapping immune variation and var gene switching in naive hosts infected with Plasmodium falciparum

    Kathryn Milne et al.
    Parasite variants associated with severe malaria do not have an intrinsic growth or survival advantage in vivo, which indicates that a change in host environment is required for their selection.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    tRNA sequences can assemble into a replicator

    Alexandra Kühnlein et al.
    Rudimentary cross-catalytic replication can be established by double-hairpins of tRNA-like sequences, implying that replication and translation could have emerged along a common evolutionary trajectory.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A β-catenin-driven switch in TCF/LEF transcription factor binding to DNA target sites promotes commitment of mammalian nephron progenitor cells

    Qiuyu Guo et al.
    β-Catenin-mediated expansion of nephron progenitors is independent of direct β-catenin/chromatin engagement, while progenitor induction proceeds with a β-catenin-driven switch of repressive TCFL1/TCFL2 to activating TCF7/LEF1 factors on transcriptionally poised enhancers.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Emergence and propagation of epistasis in metabolic networks

    Sergey Kryazhimskiy
    Mutations that affect a metabolic network generically exhibit epistasis, which propagates to higher level phenotypes, such as fitness, carrying some information about the network’s topology.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Epigenetic reprogramming rewires transcription during the alternation of generations in Arabidopsis

    Michael Borg et al.
    Epigenetic reprogramming of the distinct repressive marks H3K27me3 or H3K9me2 guides the transition between the haploid and diploid life forms that encompass the life cycle of land plants.

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