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    1. Medicine

    Weight loss, insulin resistance, and study design confound results in a meta-analysis of animal models of fatty liver

    Harriet Hunter et al.
    Animal studies of fatty liver disease over-estimate the benefit of drugs due to publication bias and are confounded by off-target weight loss, illustrating the challenge of successful translational across species.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Point of View: Biological causal links on physiological and evolutionary time scales

    Amit Karmon, Yitzhak Pilpel
    Increasing awareness that many causal links in biology might be bi-directional could overcome biases and improve scientific reasoning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Humans strategically shift decision bias by flexibly adjusting sensory evidence accumulation

    Niels A Kloosterman et al.
    Decision-makers are able to intentionally control neural excitability to strategically bias sensory evidence accumulation towards the decision bound that maximizes reward within a given ecological context.
    1. Neuroscience

    An image-computable model for the stimulus selectivity of gamma oscillations

    Dora Hermes et al.
    Gamma-band oscillations show striking differences in stimulus selectivity compared to fMRI and broadband field potentials in human visual cortex, and are explained by a novel, image-computable model.
    1. Neuroscience

    Choice history biases subsequent evidence accumulation

    Anne E Urai et al.
    Choice history signals bias the interpretation of current sensory input, akin to shifting endogenous attention toward (or away from) the previously selected interpretation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Science Forum: Addressing selective reporting of experiments through predefined exclusion criteria

    Kleber Neves, Olavo B Amaral
    Researchers should define in advance the criteria for excluding the results of experiments that 'did not work' from articles.
  1. Research: Gender bias in scholarly peer review

    Markus Helmer et al.
    Gender-bias in peer reviewing might persist even when gender-equity is reached because both male and female editors operate with a same-gender preference whose characteristics differ by editor-gender.
  2. Research Culture: Career choices of underrepresented and female postdocs in the biomedical sciences

    W Marcus Lambert et al.
    Mentorship, financial security and a positive sense of self-worth increase the likelihood that underrepresented minority and female postdocs will pursue a career in academia.
    1. Medicine

    Research: Adequate statistical power in clinical trials is associated with the combination of a male first author and a female last author

    Willem M Otte et al.
    An analysis of 31,873 clinical trials shows that adequate statistical power was most often present in trials with a male first author and a female last author.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Meta-Research: Dataset decay and the problem of sequential analyses on open datasets

    William Hedley Thompson et al.
    Open data provides an opportunity to perform new analyses on preexisting data, but trade-offs are required to limit an increase in false positives.