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    1. Medicine

    The tricuspid valve also maladapts as shown in sheep with biventricular heart failure

    William D Meador et al.
    Demonstrating the tricuspid valve maladapts is critical, and understanding its regurgitation may aid in developing better treatment strategies.
    1. Medicine

    Obesity and diabetes as comorbidities for COVID-19: Underlying mechanisms and the role of viral–bacterial interactions

    Ilja L Kruglikov et al.
    Dysfunctionaladipose tissue puts obese and type 2 diabetic patients at higher risk.
    1. Medicine

    Lack of airway submucosal glands impairs respiratory host defenses

    Lynda S Ostedgaard et al.
    Submucosal glands are critical for two key respiratory host defenses, bactericidal activity and mucociliary transport, in an animal model that has lungs like humans.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A mammalian Wnt5a–Ror2–Vangl2 axis controls the cytoskeleton and confers cellular properties required for alveologenesis

    Kuan Zhang et al.
    Regulation of cellular properties such as ligand secretion and migratory ability through changes in the cytoskeleton mediated by a Wnt5a–Ror2–Vangl2 axis is a major determinant of alveolar formation.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Identification of an emphysema-associated genetic variant near TGFB2 with regulatory effects in lung fibroblasts

    Margaret M Parker et al.
    A functional genetic variant, rs1690789, affects susceptibility to emphysema by altering TGFB2 expression in human lung fibroblasts.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Downsizing the molecular spring of the giant protein titin reveals that skeletal muscle titin determines passive stiffness and drives longitudinal hypertrophy

    Ambjorn Brynnel et al.
    Genetically altering the size of the molecular spring element in the giant protein titin established that titin determines the stiffness of skeletal muscle and the number of sarcomeres in series.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Programmed genome editing of the omega-1 ribonuclease of the blood fluke, Schistosoma mansoni

    Wannaporn Ittiprasert et al.
    Gene knock-out of the omega-1 ribonuclease of Schistosoma mansoni eggs resulted in immunologically impaired phenotype, showcasing the novel application of CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing and utility for functional genomics in schistosomes.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Pdgfra marks a cellular lineage with distinct contributions to myofibroblasts in lung maturation and injury response

    Rongbo Li et al.
    Lineage tracing using a knockin Pdgfra-rtTA tool indicates distinct contributions of this cell lineage to myofibroblasts in normal development, fibrosis and bronchopulmonary dysplasia models.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Coalescing beneficial host and deleterious antiparasitic actions as an antischistosomal strategy

    John D Chan et al.
    Engagement of both host and parasite signaling pathways proves a novel approach for developing improved anti-parasitic therapies.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Extended low-resolution structure of a Leptospira antigen offers high bactericidal antibody accessibility amenable to vaccine design

    Ching-Lin Hsieh et al.
    The antibody accessibility of the leptospiral surface protein, LigB, provides a guide for the rational design of improved recombinant chimeric vaccine antigens displayed on a single domain scaffold.