85 results found
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Defining the role of pulmonary endothelial cell heterogeneity in the response to acute lung injury

    Terren K Niethamer et al.
    Single-cell RNA sequencing reveals extensive endothelial cell (EC) heterogeneity throughout the lung vasculature and identifies two distinct populations, Car4-high ECs and proliferative ECs, that preferentially respond to lung injury.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Diverse homeostatic and immunomodulatory roles of immune cells in the developing mouse lung at single cell resolution

    Racquel Domingo-Gonzalez et al.
    Single cell transcriptomics reveal a complex orchestration of lung immune cells during the transition from fetal to air-breathing life to fill context-specific functions in tissue remodeling, angiogenesis, and immunity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Enzyme Mechanisms: Wedging open a catalytic site

    Annie Beuve
    The activation mechanism of the nitric oxide receptor has been revealed by cryo-electron microscopy.
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    1. Developmental Biology

    A mammalian Wnt5a–Ror2–Vangl2 axis controls the cytoskeleton and confers cellular properties required for alveologenesis

    Kuan Zhang et al.
    Regulation of cellular properties such as ligand secretion and migratory ability through changes in the cytoskeleton mediated by a Wnt5a–Ror2–Vangl2 axis is a major determinant of alveolar formation.
    1. Medicine

    Obesity and diabetes as comorbidities for COVID-19: Underlying mechanisms and the role of viral–bacterial interactions

    Ilja L Kruglikov et al.
    Dysfunctionaladipose tissue puts obese and type 2 diabetic patients at higher risk.
    1. Cancer Biology

    MEIS-mediated suppression of human prostate cancer growth and metastasis through HOXB13-dependent regulation of proteoglycans

    Calvin VanOpstall et al.
    The HOXB13 binding partner MEIS1 suppresses prostate cancer proliferation, invasion, and metastasis by promoting expression of the anti-oncogenic extracellular proteoglycan Decorin.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Pdgfra marks a cellular lineage with distinct contributions to myofibroblasts in lung maturation and injury response

    Rongbo Li et al.
    Lineage tracing using a knockin Pdgfra-rtTA tool indicates distinct contributions of this cell lineage to myofibroblasts in normal development, fibrosis and bronchopulmonary dysplasia models.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    PIP2 depletion promotes TRPV4 channel activity in mouse brain capillary endothelial cells

    Osama F Harraz et al.
    TRPV4 channels in brain capillaries are suppressed by the phosphoinositide PIP2 and activated by receptor agonists implicated in neurovascular coupling.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    High-resolution mapping of fluoroquinolones in TB rabbit lesions reveals specific distribution in immune cell types

    Landry Blanc et al.
    Penetration of the fluoroquinolones in tuberculosis lesions is heterogeneous even in fully cellular areas, is driven by macrophage content and decreases as the distance from lesion outer rim increases.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Downsizing the molecular spring of the giant protein titin reveals that skeletal muscle titin determines passive stiffness and drives longitudinal hypertrophy

    Ambjorn Brynnel et al.
    Genetically altering the size of the molecular spring element in the giant protein titin established that titin determines the stiffness of skeletal muscle and the number of sarcomeres in series.

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