396 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Sequence specific detection of bacterial 23S ribosomal RNA by TLR13

    Xiao-Dong Li, Zhijian J Chen
    A pattern recognition receptor called toll-like receptor 13 detects pathogens in a manner that is different to that seen in other pathogen sensors.
    1. Cell Biology

    TRPM5-mediated calcium uptake regulates mucin secretion from human colon goblet cells

    Sandra Mitrovic et al.
    Goblet cells secrete mucins—which are key components of mucus—in a process that is regulated by calcium ions, which enter the goblet cells via a mechanism involving a channel protein called TRPM5.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Viral genome structures are optimal for capsid assembly

    Jason D Perlmutter et al.
    Computer simulations reveal that viral nucleic acids have an ideal structure for being packaged into outer protein shells called capsids.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Histone demethylase Lsd1 represses hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell signatures during blood cell maturation

    Marc A Kerenyi et al.
    Lysine-specific demethylase 1 (Lsd1) has an essential role during both the early and later stages of blood cell development.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The insulin receptor cellular IRES confers resistance to eIF4A inhibition

    Calla M Olson et al.
    Utilizing a conserved mechanism, a ribosome can initiate translation from a site within the insulin receptor mRNA to maintain protein synthesis even when standard mechanisms of initiating translation have been inhibited by stress.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    MEGF8 is a modifier of BMP signaling in trigeminal sensory neurons

    Caitlin Engelhard et al.
    A protein called Megf8 regulates the activity of key signaling molecules involved in the development of the peripheral nervous system.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Brahma is essential for Drosophila intestinal stem cell proliferation and regulated by Hippo signaling

    Yunyun Jin et al.
    The Brahma chromatin remodelling complex interacts with the Hippo signalling pathway to regulate the proliferation and differentiation of stem cells in the Drosophila midgut.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stochastic homeostasis in human airway epithelium is achieved by neutral competition of basal cell progenitors

    Vitor H Teixeira et al.
    Cell replenishment within the airways is governed by the random division of a population of basal progenitor cells, in a process that is accelerated in smokers.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Essential yet limited role for CCR2+ inflammatory monocytes during Mycobacterium tuberculosis-specific T cell priming

    Miriam Samstein et al.
    Inflammatory monocytes carry live Mycobacteria from the lung to draining lymph nodes and acquire many characteristics of dendritic cells but fail to stimulate proliferation of CD4 T cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Rasgrp1 mutation increases naïve T-cell CD44 expression and drives mTOR-dependent accumulation of Helios+ T cells and autoantibodies

    Stephen R Daley et al.
    A single point mutation in a Ras activator leads to aberrant constitutive mTOR signaling in peripheral T cells that consequently accumulate as abnormal T helper cells and stimulate the production of autoantibodies by B cells.

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