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114 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Linking mPFC circuit maturation to the developmental regulation of emotional memory and cognitive flexibility

    Cassandra B Klune et al.
    An analysis of recent literature advances novel hypotheses and suggests new experimental approaches in order to build an integrated understanding of prefrontal neural architecture and behavioral repertoires during development.
    1. Neuroscience

    The role of oxytocin in delay of gratification and flexibility in non-social decision making

    Georgia Eleni Kapetaniou et al.
    Oxytocin was found to significantly improve non-social decision making in a healthy sample, suggesting a domain-general function of the hormone, in contrast to its previously hypothesized social domain specificity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural representation of abstract task structure during generalization

    Avinash R Vaidya et al.
    The human brain maintains a representation of latent task states within frontoparietal networks during the generalization of behaviors to novel settings.
    1. Neuroscience

    Locus coeruleus spiking differently correlates with S1 cortex activity and pupil diameter in a tactile detection task

    Hongdian Yang et al.
    Correlations among LC spiking, membrane potential in S1 cortex, and pupil diameter vary within individual trials of a tactile detection task.
    1. Neuroscience

    Tonic firing mode of midbrain dopamine neurons continuously tracks reward values changing moment-by-moment

    Yawei Wang et al.
    Although the phasic activity of midbrain dopamine neurons is known to represent reward values, these neurons displayed a tonic firing mode to continuously track reward values changing moment-by-moment.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct neural mechanisms underlie subjective and objective recollection and guide memory-based decision making

    Yana Fandakova et al.
    Neural substrates of objective vs. subjective memory states can be distinguished, including their role in supporting decisions aimed at optimizing performance.
    1. Neuroscience

    The connectome of the adult Drosophila mushroom body provides insights into function

    Feng Li et al.
    Analysis of neuronal circuit architecture provides mechanistic insights into what an adult fly can learn, remember, and use to guide its behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Transsynaptic mapping of Drosophila mushroom body output neurons

    Kristin M Scaplen et al.
    Transsynaptic mapping of the postsynaptic connections of mushroom body output neurons reveal both divergent and convergent projections allowing for multimodal integration prior to initiation of an output response.
    1. Neuroscience

    Lapses in perceptual decisions reflect exploration

    Sashank Pisupati et al.
    During perceptual decision-making, some errors on easy decisions (lapses) are not simply mistakes, but instead reflect strategic decisions to explore actions associated with uncertain rewards.
    1. Neuroscience

    Human complex exploration strategies are enriched by noradrenaline-modulated heuristics

    Magda Dubois et al.
    Humans supplement complex, resource-demanding strategies with simple heuristics for solving the exploration-exploitation dilemma, and noradrenaline functioning controls their utilisation.

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