178 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Spatial sampling in human visual cortex is modulated by both spatial and feature-based attention

    Daniel Marten van Es et al.
    The sampling of visual space is not only warped by attention towards locations but also depends on attended features.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The Toll pathway inhibits tissue growth and regulates cell fitness in an infection-dependent manner

    Federico Germani et al.
    Toll pathway inactivation enhances tissue growth and cell fitness when the environment in which animals develop is not deprived of pathogens.
    1. Neuroscience

    Excitatory and inhibitory synapse reorganization immediately after critical sensory experience in a vocal learner

    Ziqiang Huang et al.
    Sensory acquisition of a motor target is associated with rapid removal of excitatory synapses and with rapid insertion of inhibitory synapses in the main song control area of songbirds.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Angiopoietin-4-dependent venous maturation and fluid drainage in the peripheral retina

    Harri Elamaa et al.
    Identification of importance of Angiopoietin-4 (Angpt4) as a first growth factor that initiates venous specification in the peripheral retina, and Angpt4-dependent mechanism for fluid clearance in the mouse retina.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Shear-induced damped oscillations in an epithelium depend on actomyosin contraction and E-cadherin cell adhesion

    Ehsan Sadeghipour et al.
    Cell movement toward and away from the midline of an epithelium over tens of hours are caused by spontaneous or externally-applied shear forces to eliminate force imbalances within the tissue.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Tuned polymerization of the transcription factor Yan limits off-DNA sequestration to confer context-specific repression

    C Matthew Hope et al.
    Tuned protein–protein interaction affinity optimizes the repressive function of the ETS family transcription factor Yan in order to contribute specificity and robustness to cell fate specification in the developing Drosophila eye.
    1. Neuroscience

    MAPLE (modular automated platform for large-scale experiments), a robot for integrated organism-handling and phenotyping

    Tom Alisch et al.
    A new versatile, autonomous, robotic experimental platform (MAPLE) can increase the throughput of biological experiments by automating the growth and phenotyping of a variety of model organisms.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Firefly genomes illuminate parallel origins of bioluminescence in beetles

    Timothy R Fallon et al.
    The first genomic view of beetle luciferase evolution indicates evolutionary independence of luciferase between fireflies and click-beetles, and provide valuable datasets which will accelerate the discovery of new biotechnological tools.
    1. Neuroscience

    Oligodendrocyte-encoded Kir4.1 function is required for axonal integrity

    Lucas Schirmer et al.
    Ultrastructural and loss-of-function experiments show that oligodendrocyte-encoded Kir4.1 is located near active axonal structures, including within myelin inner tongue, and has critical functions to promote axonal activity and preserve integrity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Prolonged cross-bridge binding triggers muscle dysfunction in a Drosophila model of myosin-based hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

    William A Kronert et al.
    Integrative analysis of a Drosophila model of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy demonstrates that prolonged binding of the myosin cross-bridge to actin is a root cause of the disorder.

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