24 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Pupillometry reveals perceptual differences that are tightly linked to autistic traits in typical adults

    Marco Turi et al.
    Pupil difference during bistable perception of bright and dark elements predicts autistic traits.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Bottom-up and top-down neural signatures of disordered multi-talker speech perception in adults with normal hearing

    Aravindakshan Parthasarathy et al.
    Ear canal EEG and pupillometry reveal disordered temporal processing in adults with normal hearing who struggle to understand conversations in noisy backgrounds.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pupillometry: Consciousness reflected in the eyes

    Woon Ju Park et al.
    People with higher autistic traits display stronger fluctuations in pupil size when presented with an optical illusion.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Affective bias as a rational response to the statistics of rewards and punishments

    Erdem Pulcu, Michael Browning
    Humans adjust the degree to which they learn from positive relative to negative outcomes as a function of how informative they estimate those outcomes to be.
    1. Neuroscience

    Unexpected arousal modulates the influence of sensory noise on confidence

    Micah Allen et al.
    Changes in physiological arousal – as revealed by pupil dilation and heart rate – shape our confidence in decisions about uncertain perceptual information.
    1. Neuroscience

    One-shot learning and behavioral eligibility traces in sequential decision making

    Marco P Lehmann et al.
    Human learning relies on short-term memories (eligibility traces) which provide a mechanism to reinforce sequences of actions from a single reward (one-shot).
    1. Neuroscience

    Pupil diameter encodes the idiosyncratic, cognitive complexity of belief updating

    Alexandre LS Filipowicz et al.
    Pupil-linked arousal dynamics are influenced more strongly by high-level internal belief states than by low-level sensory events during decision-making.
    1. Neuroscience

    Push-pull competition between bottom-up and top-down auditory attention to natural soundscapes

    Nicholas Huang, Mounya Elhilali
    Everyday soundscapes dynamically engage attention towards target sounds or salient ambient events, with both attentional forms engaging the same fronto-parietal network but in a push-pull competition for limited neural resources.
    1. Neuroscience

    Statistical learning attenuates visual activity only for attended stimuli

    David Richter, Floris P de Lange
    Prior expectations, induced by statistical learning, affect sensory processing only for attended stimuli, thereby constraining neurocomputational theories that cast perception as an inferential process integrating prior knowledge and sensory evidence.
    1. Neuroscience

    The influence of task outcome on implicit motor learning

    Hyosub E Kim et al.
    During a sensorimotor perturbation, task outcome may serve as a gain on implicit adaptation or provide a distinct error signal for a second, independent implicit learning process.

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