49 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Purinergic signaling in cochlear supporting cells reduces hair cell excitability by increasing the extracellular space

    Travis A Babola et al.
    Supporting cells in the cochlea change their shape in response to purinergic receptor activation, which influences hair cell excitability by altering potassium redistribution in the extracellular space.
    1. Neuroscience

    Purinergic regulation of vascular tone in the retrotrapezoid nucleus is specialized to support the drive to breathe

    Virginia E Hawkins et al.
    CO2/H+-dependent purinergic signaling by astrocytes provides specialized control of vascular tone in a brainstem respiratory center in a manner that contributes to respiratory behavior.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A Gs-coupled purinergic receptor boosts Ca2+ influx and vascular contractility during diabetic hyperglycemia

    Maria Paz Prada et al.
    A multi-pronged approach shows that a Gs-coupled purinergic receptor is a sensor for glucose-mediated, PKA-dependent potentiation of vascular L-type calcium channels and vasoconstriction.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Re-evaluation of neuronal P2X7 expression using novel mouse models and a P2X7-specific nanobody

    Karina Kaczmarek-Hajek et al.
    A novel BAC transgenic mouse model reveals glial restriction of P2X7 expression in the central and peripheral nervous systems.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Connexin-43-dependent ATP release mediates macrophage activation during sepsis

    Michel Dosch et al.
    Autocrine activation of macrophages is modulated by Connexin-43-mediated ATP release in response to TLR-4 and -2 agonists in a P2Y1-dependent manner, ultimately determining sepsis survival.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Mechanically stimulated ATP release from murine bone cells is regulated by a balance of injury and repair

    Nicholas Mikolajewicz et al.
    Bone cells exposed to physiological forces release ATP through repairable membrane injury, generating an intercellular signal that conveys the destructive potential of forces and the adaptive capacity of endangered cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Astrocytes contribute to synapse elimination via type 2 inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor-dependent release of ATP

    Junhua Yang et al.
    Astrocytes regulate the pruning of excitatory synapses during early life through ATP signaling.
    1. Neuroscience

    Keratinocytes contribute to normal cold and heat sensation

    Katelyn E Sadler et al.
    Purinergic keratinocyte-to-sensory neuron signaling is a ubiquitous amplification mechanism that is required for normal mechanical, cold, and heat sensation in vivo.
    1. Neuroscience

    Activation of astrocytes in hippocampus decreases fear memory through adenosine A1 receptors

    Yulan Li et al.
    A new strategy of memory consolidation disruption based on astrocyte and purinergic signaling, which leads to persistent fear memory attenuation accompanied by reduced fear-related anxiety behavior.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    A single-cell transcriptomic and anatomic atlas of mouse dorsal raphe Pet1 neurons

    Benjamin W Okaty et al.
    Dorsal raphe Pet1 neurons are molecularly heterogeneous, comprising as many as fourteen distinct subtypes that show biased cell body distributions across dorsal raphe subdomains.

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