367 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Mechanisms that allow cortical preparatory activity without inappropriate movement

    Timothy R Darlington, Stephen G Lisberger
    The use of preparatory activity in the smooth eye movement region of the frontal eye fields as a visual-motor gain signal allows preparation to progress without inappropriate movement.
    1. Neuroscience

    Interaction of plasticity and circuit organization during the acquisition of cerebellum-dependent motor learning

    Yan Yang, Stephen G Lisberger
    During learning, one climbing fiber input instructs plasticity that is expressed in the simple-spike responses of cerebellar Purkinje cells, and causes neural learning that may inhibit future climbing fiber instructions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Role of visual and non-visual cues in constructing a rotation-invariant representation of heading in parietal cortex

    Adhira Sunkara et al.
    Visual information (optic flow) can be used to discount self-generated rotations and aid in the accurate representation of heading.
    1. Neuroscience

    Principles of operation of a cerebellar learning circuit

    David J Herzfeld et al.
    Quantitative analysis of behavior coupled with computational modeling reveal the set of circuit-level principles that underlie cerebellar-dependent motor learning in smooth pursuit eye movements of monkeys across timescales.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar climbing fibers encode expected reward size

    Noga Larry et al.
    Electrophysiological recordings in monkeys reveal that cerebellar complex spikes encode future reward size when reward information is first made available, but not during reward delivery or smooth pursuit eye movement.
  1. Meta-Research: How significant are the public dimensions of faculty work in review, promotion and tenure documents?

    Juan P Alperin et al.
    An analysis of review, promotion and tenure documents from 129 US and Canadian universities suggests institutions could better fulfill their public missions by changing how they incentivize the public dimensions of faculty work.
  2. Living Science: The humanity of science

    Indira M Raman
    Science can provide cures and improve health, and it can also make us more humane.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Meta-Research: Task specialization across research careers

    Nicolas Robinson-Garcia et al.
    An analysis of author contribution statements in a large number of published papers reveals biases in the career trajectories of scientists.
    1. Ecology

    Point of View: A transatlantic perspective on 20 emerging issues in biological engineering

    Bonnie C Wintle et al.
    Horizon scanning has been used to identify opportunities and risks presented by 20 emerging issues in the field of biological engineering.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Addressing the ethical issues raised by synthetic human entities with embryo-like features

    John Aach et al.
    Guidelines governing research into embryos need to be updated in a way that reflects the moral status of synthetic human entities generated using the methods of synthetic biology.

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