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    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    A geometric attractor mechanism for self-organization of entorhinal grid modules

    Louis Kang, Vijay Balasubramanian
    The hierarchy of entorhinal grid cell modules with constant scale ratios can self-organize through a new geometrically organized attractor mechanism.
    1. Neuroscience

    An open cortico-basal ganglia loop allows limbic control over motor output via the nigrothalamic pathway

    Sho Aoki et al.
    A novel connection from ventral striatum to motor cortex enables emotion and motivation to influence action and motor control.
    1. Neuroscience

    BAD and KATP channels regulate neuron excitability and epileptiform activity

    Juan Ramón Martínez-François et al.
    Altered activity of ATP-sensitive K+ channels underlies the metabolic seizure resistance produced by genetic manipulation of the BAD protein in mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    An insect-like mushroom body in a crustacean brain

    Gabriella Hannah Wolff et al.
    An insect-like mushroom body in one group of crustaceans, the mantis shrimps (Stomatopoda), suggests either an ancient origin of this center and its reduction and loss in other crustaceans, or an extraordinary example of convergent evolution with the insect mushroom body.
    1. Neuroscience

    SynEM, automated synapse detection for connectomics

    Benedikt Staffler et al.
    The detection of chemical synapses in 3-dimensional electron microscopy data has been automated such that synapses in large-scale connectivity maps of the cerebral cortex, connectomes, can be charted without the need for human interaction.
    1. Cell Biology

    Waves of actin and microtubule polymerization drive microtubule-based transport and neurite growth before single axon formation

    Amy M Winans et al.
    Waves of polymerizing actin work in concert with microtubule polymerization to lay down more microtubules tracks and transiently increase microtubule-based transport into the growing neurite.
    1. Neuroscience

    A deleterious Nav1.1 mutation selectively impairs telencephalic inhibitory neurons derived from Dravet Syndrome patients

    Yishan Sun et al.
    A human cellular model of a prototypical form of intractable childhood epilepsy supports selective impairment of inhibitory neurons as a key pathophysiological mechanism.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Thalamo-cortical axons regulate the radial dispersion of neocortical GABAergic interneurons

    Sabrina Zechel et al.
    Glutamate derived from thalamo-cortical axons regulates the radial dispersion of interneurons in the developing mouse neocortex by limiting the level of expression of the K/Cl co-transporter KCC2.
    1. Neuroscience

    Low-noise encoding of active touch by layer 4 in the somatosensory cortex

    Samuel Andrew Hires et al.
    Touch information is represented with minimal noise in the somatosensory cortex during tactile exploration.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Mouse models of human PIK3CA-related brain overgrowth have acutely treatable epilepsy

    Achira Roy et al.
    Acute one-hour treatment of Pik3ca mutant mice with a novel anti-epilepsy drug suppresses seizures despite continued developmental brain dysmorphology, promising a new therapeutic strategy for patients with intractable pediatric epilepsy.