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    1. Neuroscience

    Human Intelligence: What single neurons can tell us

    Elaine N Miller, Chet C Sherwood
    IQ scores are correlated with the morphology and activity of certain neurons in the human temporal cortex.
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    1. Neuroscience

    CD40 is a major regulator of dendrite growth from developing excitatory and inhibitory neurons

    Paulina Carriba, Alun M Davies
    CD40-activated CD40L-mediated reverse signalling has strikingly opposite effects on the growth of excitatory and inhibitory neuron dendrites in the developing brain of mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    A genuine layer 4 in motor cortex with prototypical synaptic circuit connectivity

    Naoki Yamawaki et al.
    New evidence challenges the long-held view that motor cortex lacks a fourth layer, and reveals that its circuitry resembles that of other cortical regions more than previously thought.
    1. Neuroscience

    High and asymmetric somato-dendritic coupling of V1 layer 5 neurons independent of visual stimulation and locomotion

    Valerio Francioni et al.
    Layer 5 neuron apical tuft in mouse visual cortex display widespread, highly correlated calcium signals, with a strong and asymmetric coupling to somatic signals, independent of visual stimulation and locomotion.
    1. Neuroscience

    Structural development and dorsoventral maturation of the medial entorhinal cortex

    Saikat Ray, Michael Brecht
    The medial entorhinal cortex is important for spatial memory formation and matures from dorsal, where smaller spatial-scales are represented, to ventral, where larger spatial-scales are represented.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dendritic NMDA receptors in parvalbumin neurons enable strong and stable neuronal assemblies

    Jonathan H Cornford et al.
    NMDA receptors on PV+ interneurons mediate supralinear integration at feedback synapses from local pyramidal neurons, enabling competing networks to ‘lock’ onto salient inputs.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional clustering of dendritic activity during decision-making

    Aaron Kerlin et al.
    In motor cortex pyramidal neurons, diverse task-related signals are distributed throughout the dendritic arbor and compartmentalized by dendritic distance and branching.
    1. Neuroscience

    NPTX2 and cognitive dysfunction in Alzheimer’s Disease

    Mei-Fang Xiao et al.
    Dysfunction of pyramidal neuron-PV interneuron circuits contributes to cognitive failure in Alzheimer's disease.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Unique membrane properties and enhanced signal processing in human neocortical neurons

    Guy Eyal et al.
    Models and experiments reveal that human L2/3 pyramidal neurons have distinctively low specific membrane capacitance which might have a significant impact on signal processing in human neocortex.