1,969 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    An interactive meta-analysis of MRI biomarkers of myelin

    Matteo Mancini et al.
    Most MRI-based myelin biomarkers are not statistically different regarding their relationship with histology.
    1. Neuroscience

    Multi-contrast anatomical subcortical structures parcellation

    Pierre-Louis Bazin et al.
    An open-source software tool enables the anatomical parcellation of an unprecedented number of subcortical structures in magnetic resonance images of the human brain, automatically and in individual subjects.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Revealing architectural order with quantitative label-free imaging and deep learning

    Syuan-Ming Guo et al.
    Advances in quantitative phase and polarized light microscopy, combined with deep learning, reveal the architecture of human brain tissue.
    1. Neuroscience

    Stage-dependent remodeling of projections to motor cortex in ALS mouse model revealed by a new variant retrograde-AAV9

    Barbara Commisso et al.
    The projections from discrete areas to motor cortex increase over disease course in motoneuron disease model with selective spatial and temporal patterns.
    1. Neuroscience

    Attentional amplification of neural codes for number independent of other quantities along the dorsal visual stream

    Elisa Castaldi et al.
    The representations of information concerning the number, size, density and surface of sets of objects in a visual image are separable along the occipito-parietal cortex and independently modulated by attention.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Quantitative dissection of transcription in development yields evidence for transcription-factor-driven chromatin accessibility

    Elizabeth Eck et al.
    Confronting different models of chromatin accessibility with temporally resolved transcription profiles favors a scenario where transcription factors actively, rather than passively, drive chromatin from the inaccessible to the accessible state.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct neural contributions to metacognition for detecting, but not discriminating visual stimuli

    Matan Mazor et al.
    Combining psychophysics and functional MRI reveals a qualitative asymmetry in neural engagement when reflecting on whether a stimulus is seen (detection) compared to reflecting on what a stimulus is (discrimination).
    1. Neuroscience

    Microstructural organization of human insula is linked to its macrofunctional circuitry and predicts cognitive control

    Vinod Menon et al.
    In vivo quantitative analysis of multi-shell diffusion MRI reveals novel insights into microstructure of human insular cortex and its functional circuits associated with the salience network and cognitive control.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Respiratory syncytial virus co-opts host mitochondrial function to favour infectious virus production

    MengJie Hu et al.
    RSV's unique ability to co-opt host cell mitochondria to facilitate viral infection reveals the RSV-mitochondrial interface as a viable target for therapeutic intervention.
    1. Neuroscience

    KIT ligand protects against both light-induced and genetic photoreceptor degeneration

    Huirong Li et al.
    A combination of in vitro and in vivo experiments demonstrate a cell-autonomous role of the KIT ligand/KIT signaling pathway in protecting retinal photoreceptor cells from environmentally or genetically caused degeneration.

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