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14 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cooperation between distinct viral variants promotes growth of H3N2 influenza in cell culture

    Katherine S Xue et al.
    The frequent co-occurrence of two variants of influenza is due to the fact that they cooperate, meaning that a mixed population grows better than either variant alone.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Favipiravir elicits antiviral mutagenesis during virus replication in vivo

    Armando Arias et al.
    Favipiravir, a novel nucleoside analogue, can clear a persistent norovirus infection in vivo through lethal mutagenesis.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Dominant drug targets suppress the emergence of antiviral resistance

    Elizabeth J Tanner et al.
    When antiviral compounds target oligomeric assemblages, the formation of chimeric oligomers within cells can negate selection for naturally occurring drug-resistant variants.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Repeated outbreaks drive the evolution of bacteriophage communication

    Hilje M Doekes et al.
    Mathematical modelling suggests that the evolution of communication between bacterial viruses requires repeated outbreak events, and the model then predicts typical communication strategies.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    TRIM28 promotes HIV-1 latency by SUMOylating CDK9 and inhibiting P-TEFb

    Xiancai Ma et al.
    TRIM28 was found to be a versatile dual-function latency contributor by bridging both suppressive epigenetic modifications and RNAP II transcriptional-pausing, and can be a novel target to develop latency-reversing agents.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Antibody escape by polyomavirus capsid mutation facilitates neurovirulence

    Matthew D Lauver et al.
    Cryo EM and a custom subvolume refinement approach applied to mouse polyomavirus revealed the in vivo impact of polyomavirus capsid mutations on antiviral antibody immunoevasion and neurovirulence.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Random-sequence genetic oligomer pools display an innate potential for ligation and recombination

    Hannes Mutschler et al.
    Random sequence RNA pools display an innate capacity for ligation and recombination, enabling them to “bootstrap” themselves towards higher compositional, informational and structural complexity.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Single-amino acid variants reveal evolutionary processes that shape the biogeography of a global SAR11 subclade

    Tom O Delmont et al.
    An in-depth metagenomic analysis of possibly the most abundant and widespread microbial lineage in the surface ocean teases apart evolutionary processes that maintain its genomic heterogeneity and biogeography.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Interferon lambda 4 impacts the genetic diversity of hepatitis C virus

    M Azim Ansari et al.
    Interferon lambda 4, a protein part of the innate immune response, drives major amino acids selection in patients chronically infected with hepatitis C virus.

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