910 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The RNA-binding protein SFPQ preserves long-intron splicing and regulates circRNA biogenesis in mammals

    Lotte Victoria Winther Stagsted et al.
    Transcriptome and eCLIP analyses in mouse and human reveal splicing factor proline/glutamine rich (SFPQ) as a conserved and critical guardian of long-intron integrity, splicing, and circular RNA (circRNA) production.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Circular RNA biogenesis can proceed through an exon-containing lariat precursor

    Steven P Barrett et al.
    Systematic splice site mutagenesis and the identification of splicing intermediates provides evidence that the dominant mechanism for the generation of circular RNA in fission yeast proceeds through an exon-containing lariat precursor.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Discovery of a small molecule that inhibits bacterial ribosome biogenesis

    Jonathan M Stokes et al.
    The anticonvulsant drug lamotrigine inhibits bacterial ribosome biogenesis and reveals an unexplored role for initiation factor 2 (IF2) in ribosome assembly.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The ribosomal RNA m5C methyltransferase NSUN-1 modulates healthspan and oogenesis in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Clemens Heissenberger et al.
    In nematode worms, NSUN-1 methylates ribosomal RNA and influences phenotypes related to aging, stress resistance, germ line development, and cuticle integrity by regulating translation of specific mRNAs.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Ribosome biogenesis restricts innate immune responses to virus infection and DNA

    Christopher Bianco, Ian Mohr
    Ribosome production is unexpectedly integrated into innate cell-intrinsic responses that regulate double strand DNA-sensing and inflammatory cytokine induction in infected and uninfected cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Conformational switches control early maturation of the eukaryotic small ribosomal subunit

    Mirjam Hunziker et al.
    Mass spectrometry analysis of purified pre-ribosomal RNAs shows that stable ribosomal RNA domains independently recruit assembly factors, and the cryo-EM structure of the 5' ETS ribonucleoprotein reveals regulatory conformational switches.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Plant Biology

    Genetic basis of sRNA quantitative variation analyzed using an experimental population derived from an elite rice hybrid

    Jia Wang et al.
    The expression of small RNAs (or sRNAs) is regulated not only by mRNA expression, but also by their own regulatory elements and by sRNA biogenesis genes.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    MondoA regulates gene expression in cholesterol biosynthesis-associated pathways required for zebrafish epiboly

    Meltem Weger et al.
    The glucose-sensing transcription factor MondoA regulates zebrafish epiboly via cholesterol biosynthesis genes including the human disease gene Nsdhl, revealing an unknown role for metabolic glucose signalling in vertebrate development.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Transcriptional landscape of myogenesis from human pluripotent stem cells reveals a key role of TWIST1 in maintenance of skeletal muscle progenitors

    In Young Choi et al.
    Using multiple genetic reporter system in human pluripotent stem cells, a transcriptional database for human early myogenesis has been established.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The final step of 40S ribosomal subunit maturation is controlled by a dual key lock

    Laura Plassart et al.
    Cryo-EM and functional studies reveal how combined action of proteins RPS26/eS26 and RIO1 allows late precursors to the human small ribosomal particle to be matured into fully translation-competent 40S subunits.

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