741 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    MicroRNA-122 supports robust innate immunity in hepatocytes by targeting the RTKs/STAT3 signaling pathway

    Hui Xu et al.
    The liver-specific miRNA microRNA-122 plays a previously unknown role in hepatocyte intrinsic innate immunity by targeting the RTKs/STAT3 signaling pathway.
    1. Neuroscience

    Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) inhibits cortical dendrites

    Sean C Murphy et al.
    Studying the activity of cortical neurons in rats reveals the subcellular effects of transcranial magnetic stimulation, which is used for the non-invasive treatment of a variety of brain disorders.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    A delayed fractionated dose RTS,S AS01 vaccine regimen mediates protection via improved T follicular helper and B cell responses

    Suresh Pallikkuth et al.
    Circulating T follicular helper cells appear to be a promising biomarker candidate for monitoring vaccine efficacy in malaria vaccine trials.
    1. Neuroscience

    A hierarchy of timescales explains distinct effects of local inhibition of primary visual cortex and frontal eye fields

    Luca Cocchi et al.
    The selective effect of local inhibition on diffuse patterns of brain connectivity can be accounted for by an intrinsic hierarchical ordering of cortical timescales.
    1. Neuroscience

    Causal manipulation of functional connectivity in a specific neural pathway during behaviour and at rest

    Vanessa M Johnen et al.
    Functional connectivity in the human brain reflects changes in synaptic plasticity induced with repeated paired stimulation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortical excitability controls the strength of mental imagery

    Rebecca Keogh et al.
    Visual and prefrontal cortex excitability predict individual differences in visual imagery strength, and modulating excitability in these cortical regions causally alters the strength of visual imagery.
    1. Neuroscience

    Fatigue induces long-lasting detrimental changes in motor-skill learning

    Meret Branscheidt et al.
    A series of experiments shows how muscle fatigue impairs motor-skill learning on subsequent practice days beyond its effects on task execution.
    1. Neuroscience

    Lifting the veil on the dynamics of neuronal activities evoked by transcranial magnetic stimulation

    Bingshuo Li et al.
    A cellular-level in vivo investigative method that provides unprecedented insights into the dynamics of neuronal activities evoked by transcranial magnetic stimulation.
    1. Neuroscience

    The causal role of the somatosensory cortex in prosocial behaviour

    Selene Gallo et al.
    A combination of human imaging and brain stimulation techniques show that the somatosensory cortex is essential to prosocial decision making, by transforming observed pain in accurate perception of others' distress.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Tandem hnRNP A1 RNA recognition motifs act in concert to repress the splicing of survival motor neuron exon 7

    Irene Beusch et al.
    The structural model of hnRNP A1 shows that it can bind with both RRMs to RNA, which is shown to be relevant for the SMN2 exon 7 splicing mechanism in vivo.

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