917 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    The proteasome biogenesis regulator Rpn4 cooperates with the unfolded protein response to promote ER stress resistance

    Rolf M Schmidt et al.
    Endoplasmic reticulum stress in yeast activates not only the UPR but also Rpn4, promoting the clearance of misfolded proteins from the cytosol as part of a modular cross-compartment stress response.
    1. Neuroscience

    Position of UNC-13 in the active zone regulates synaptic vesicle release probability and release kinetics

    Keming Zhou et al.
    The precise position of UNC-13 at the active zone near a synapse depends on the N-terminus of the protein, and the C2A domain in particular, and is essential for accelerating neurotransmitter release.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The long non-coding RNA Cerox1 is a post transcriptional regulator of mitochondrial complex I catalytic activity

    Tamara M Sirey et al.
    Mitochondrial energy metabolism is post-transcriptionally regulated through an interplay between long and short non-coding RNAs.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Small molecule inhibition of apicomplexan FtsH1 disrupts plastid biogenesis in human pathogens

    Katherine Amberg-Johnson et al.
    An unbiased chemical screen identifies the AAA+ membrane metalloprotease FtsH1 as a novel apicoplast biogenesis factor and druggable antimalarial target.
    1. Neuroscience

    Freezing suppression by oxytocin in central amygdala allows alternate defensive behaviours and mother-pup interactions

    Elizabeth Rickenbacher et al.
    Oxytocin in the amygdala suppresses freezing of mothers when exposed to a threat in the presence of their offspring, allowing for pup protection and transmission of information about danger from mothers to pups.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The histone H3K9 demethylase KDM3A promotes anoikis by transcriptionally activating pro-apoptotic genes BNIP3 and BNIP3L

    Victoria E Pedanou et al.
    A large-scale RNA interference screen uncovers a new transcriptional regulatory program involving the histone H3 demethylase KDM3A, which mediates detachment-induced apoptosis (anoikis) in breast epithelial cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    A dynamic RNA loop in an IRES affects multiple steps of elongation factor-mediated translation initiation

    Marisa D Ruehle et al.
    During initiation factor-independent RNA structure-driven translation initiation, a flexible RNA element drives the movement of a viral IRES through the ribosome's tRNA binding sites and promotes tRNA binding.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The Drosophila F-box protein Fbxl7 binds to the protocadherin Fat and regulates Dachs localization and Hippo signaling

    Justin A Bosch et al.
    The F-box protein Fbxl7 is a direct effector of the protocadherin Fat and functions in downstream pathways that regulate tissue shape and size.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Ascorbic acid supports ex vivo generation of plasmacytoid dendritic cells from circulating hematopoietic stem cells

    Anders Laustsen et al.
    Probing of various culture conditions leads to fundamental advances in ex vivo production of plasmacytoid dendritic cells for use in immunotherapy.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    ClpAP proteolysis does not require rotation of the ClpA unfoldase relative to ClpP

    Sora Kim et al.
    Crosslinking the AAA+ protease interface does not abolish protein degradation by ClpAP, establishing that rotation of the AAA+ unfoldase with respect to its partner peptidase is not essential for activity.

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