11 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    A new genus of horse from Pleistocene North America

    Peter D Heintzman et al.
    The extinct stilt-legged equids of North America are not related to Asiatic asses or horses, but instead represent a distinct lineage outside of living equid diversity that became extinct in the terminal Pleistocene.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Human Evolution: The many mysteries of Homo naledi

    Chris Stringer
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cretaceous dinosaur bone contains recent organic material and provides an environment conducive to microbial communities

    Evan T Saitta et al.
    Subterranean fossil bone hosts a living microbiome different from the surrounding sediment without evidence of original protein preservation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    No turnover in lens lipids for the entire human lifespan

    Jessica R Hughes et al.
    The carbon in lens membrane lipids correlates to the year of birth of an individual, a phenomenon that is unprecedented in the current body of literature.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    Present-day central African forest is a legacy of the 19th century human history

    Julie Morin-Rivat et al.
    The cessation of major anthropogenic disturbances since European colonization in the forests of central Africa leads to a canopy closing, and to the disappearance of certain light-demanding tree species.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Protein sequences bound to mineral surfaces persist into deep time

    Beatrice Demarchi et al.
    A chemically unstable ostrich eggshell peptide survives for at least 3.8 million years at the equator, stabilized by strong mineral interactions.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    A multidisciplinary approach to a unique palaeolithic human ichnological record from Italy (Bàsura Cave)

    Marco Romano et al.
    Traces of crawling locomotion, including children younger than 3 years old, are documented for the first time in the global human ichnological record.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The age of Homo naledi and associated sediments in the Rising Star Cave, South Africa

    Paul HGM Dirks et al.
    Independent dating techniques have established that the H. naledi fossils are between 236 and 335 thousand years old, indicating that small-brained hominins with relatively primitive body shapes co-existed with our early ancestors in Africa.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A molecular portrait of maternal sepsis from Byzantine Troy

    Alison M Devault et al.
    Mineralized placental tissue from Late Byzantine Troy enables the detailed reconstruction of genomes of mixed bacterial species responsible for maternal sepsis in the ancient world.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Neolithic and medieval virus genomes reveal complex evolution of hepatitis B

    Ben Krause-Kyora et al.
    Ancient hepatitis B virus (HBV) genomes were reconstructed from up to 7000-year-old Stone Age human skeletons, suggesting a long-time complex co-evolution with human populations.

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