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    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A new view of transcriptome complexity and regulation through the lens of local splicing variations

    Jorge Vaquero-Garcia et al.
    New methods reveal that complex local splicing variations are more prevalent in animals than previously appreciated, and demonstrate that local splicing variations are relevant for studies of development, gene regulation and neurodegenerative diseases.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular mechanism for Rabex-5 GEF activation by Rabaptin-5

    Zhe Zhang et al.
    The GEF activity of Rabex-5 is weakly autoinhibited by its CC domain and activated by Rabaptin-5 and the two proteins work concertedly to activate Rab5.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    NAD+ enhances ribitol and ribose rescue of α-dystroglycan functional glycosylation in human FKRP-mutant myotubes

    Carolina Ortiz-Cordero et al.
    The combined use of NAD+ with ribitol or ribose potentiates the rescue of α-dystroglycan functional glycosylation in FKRP-mutant patient-specific iPSC-derived myotubes, representing potential novel treatments for FKRP muscular dystrophies.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure and function of the Smoothened extracellular domain in vertebrate Hedgehog signaling

    Sigrid Nachtergaele et al.
    A cysteine-rich domain within the Smoothened receptor may represent a novel therapeutic target for cancers caused by abnormal functioning of the Hedgehog signaling pathway.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Consistent global structures of complex RNA states through multidimensional chemical mapping

    Clarence Yu Cheng et al.
    A multidimensional chemical mapping strategy enables confident determination of the structures of non-coding RNAs at 1-nm resolution, including previously intractable riboswitch and human regulon states.
    1. Neuroscience

    Predicting development of adolescent drinking behaviour from whole brain structure at 14 years of age

    Simone Kühn et al.
    Trajectories of adolescent drinking behavior between age 14 and 19 years can be predicted from bilateral striatal and cerebellar grey matter at 14 years of age.
  1. Research: Gender bias in scholarly peer review

    Markus Helmer et al.
    Gender-bias in peer reviewing might persist even when gender-equity is reached because both male and female editors operate with a same-gender preference whose characteristics differ by editor-gender.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of diverse membrane target recognitions by ankyrins

    Chao Wang et al.
    The 24 ankyrin repeats of ankyrin proteins form an extended solenoid that provides an extremely conserved groove for binding to numerous targets via combinatorial usage of multiple weak interaction sites.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    Baboon illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Insights into the evolution of social systems and species from baboon studies

    Julia Fischer et al.
    Wild baboons are an excellent model to study complex evolutionary processes such as speciation and hybridization, as well as the links between sociality, longevity and reproductive success.
    1. Neuroscience

    Social observation enhances cross-environment activation of hippocampal place cell patterns

    Xiang Mou, Daoyun Ji
    Place cells associated with track-running are activated in rats staying in a nearby box while another rat running on the track, suggesting that social observation facilitates spatial memory representations.