8,951 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Moderate nucleotide diversity in the Atlantic herring is associated with a low mutation rate

    Chungang Feng et al.
    The Atlantic herring has the lowest mutation rate yet estimated in a vertebrate species and this partially explains its moderate nucleotide diversity given the large population size.
    1. Neuroscience

    Firing rate-dependent phase responses of Purkinje cells support transient oscillations

    Yunliang Zang et al.
    Computational and theoretical models show that rate adaptation of phase responses can regulate Purkinje cell outputs by forming transient oscillations in fast-spiking neurons.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Analysis of the genomic architecture of a complex trait locus in hypertensive rat models links Tmem63c to kidney damage

    Angela Schulz et al.
    Genetic and functional studies reveal a previously unrecognized role for a transmembrane protein in glomerular filtration barrier function.
    1. Ecology

    Cyclic bouts of extreme bradycardia counteract the high metabolism of frugivorous bats

    M Teague O'Mara et al.
    Novel heart rate strategies that minimize energy expenditure during the day are necessary to cope with high energy nocturnal lifestyles of tent-making bats.
    1. Neuroscience

    Emergence of transformation-tolerant representations of visual objects in rat lateral extrastriate cortex

    Sina Tafazoli et al.
    Neuronal recordings from rat visual cortex reveal an object-processing pathway, along which neuronal representations become increasingly capable of supporting recognition of visual objects in spite of variation in their appearance.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Morphological and genomic shifts in mole-rat ‘queens’ increase fecundity but reduce skeletal integrity

    Rachel A Johnston et al.
    In cooperatively breeding Damaraland mole-rats, transitioning to 'queen' results in extensive gene regulatory and morphological remodeling, but also costs to skeletal integrity that scale with reproductive investment.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Multifactorial processes underlie parallel opsin loss in neotropical bats

    Alexa Sadier et al.
    Parallel losses of short-wave light sensitivity in diverse bats occurred through independent changes at multiple steps in the conversion of genotype into functional phenotype, including pre-, during, and post-transcription.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Integrated culturing, modeling and transcriptomics uncovers complex interactions and emergent behavior in a three-species synthetic gut community

    Kevin D'hoe et al.
    Human gut bacteria alter their metabolism in response to each other's presence, which causes their community dynamics to deviate from predictions that are based on mono-culture data.
    1. Neuroscience

    Model-based fMRI reveals dissimilarity processes underlying base rate neglect

    Sean R O'Bryan et al.
    Model-based imaging shows that the rostrolateral prefrontal cortex supports dissimilarity-based heuristics that people may use when they are confronted with ambiguous scenarios.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Bedrock radioactivity influences the rate and spectrum of mutation

    Nathanaëlle Saclier et al.
    Subterranean isopods endemic to regions with large igneous rock formations have a higher mutation rate and display an excess of mutations that are typical of an oxidative stress.

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