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    1. Neuroscience

    Atoh1-dependent rhombic lip neurons are required for temporal delay between independent respiratory oscillators in embryonic mice

    Srinivasan Tupal et al.
    The rhythmic patterns of activity that underlie breathing are generated and coordinated by distinct populations of neurons within the brainstem.
    1. Neuroscience

    Uncertainty leads to persistent effects on reach representations in dorsal premotor cortex

    Brian M Dekleva et al.
    When Rhesus monkeys plan reaching movements of which they are not fully confident, a particular area of the brain represents both the chosen action as well as alternate movements, perhaps as an aid for error correction or learning.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Translation of 5′ leaders is pervasive in genes resistant to eIF2 repression

    Dmitry E Andreev et al.
    Most of the mRNAs whose translation is resistant to the stress-induced repression of protein synthesis contain upstream open reading frames that are efficiently translated under normal conditions.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Deep transcriptome annotation enables the discovery and functional characterization of cryptic small proteins

    Sondos Samandi et al.
    Conventional annotations of coding sequences have missed thousands of short open-reading frames encoding proteins that are conserved and with specific functions.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Thousands of novel translated open reading frames in humans inferred by ribosome footprint profiling

    Anil Raj et al.
    Over 7,000 novel translated sequences have been identified from human cells, including several hundred in annotated noncoding RNA, pseudogenes and de novo assembled transcripts.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Membrane immersion allows rhomboid proteases to achieve specificity by reading transmembrane segment dynamics

    Syed M Moin, Sinisa Urban
    Intramembrane proteases identify target proteins in a different way from other proteases.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    MRI: Searching for epilepsy’s crystal ball

    Olli Gröhn, Alejandra Sierra
    Multi-modal MRI techniques have identified biomarkers that could help to predict whether someone will develop epilepsy.
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    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Evolution: Searching for the genes that separate species

    Megan Phifer-Rixey
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    1. Neuroscience

    Chemoreception: Keeping carbon dioxide in check

    Alfredo J Garcia III, Jan-Marino Ramirez
    The response of the brainstem to increased levels of carbon dioxide in the blood is coordinated with the response of the cardiovascular system.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Dbx1 precursor cells are a source of inspiratory XII premotoneurons

    Ann L Revill et al.
    Building on previous work (Wang et al., 2014), we use a combination of genetic, electrophysiology and laser ablation approaches to identify a developmentally defined population of neurons that are a significant source of clinically relevant inspiratory drive to XII motoneurons.