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    1. Biochemistry
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Deep transcriptome annotation enables the discovery and functional characterization of cryptic small proteins

    Sondos Samandi et al.
    Conventional annotations of coding sequences have missed thousands of short open-reading frames encoding proteins that are conserved and with specific functions.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology

    Thousands of novel translated open reading frames in humans inferred by ribosome footprint profiling

    Anil Raj et al.
    Over 7,000 novel translated sequences have been identified from human cells, including several hundred in annotated noncoding RNA, pseudogenes and de novo assembled transcripts.
    1. Biochemistry

    Membrane immersion allows rhomboid proteases to achieve specificity by reading transmembrane segment dynamics

    Syed M Moin, Sinisa Urban
    Intramembrane proteases identify target proteins in a different way from other proteases.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    MRI: Searching for epilepsy’s crystal ball

    Olli Gröhn, Alejandra Sierra
    Multi-modal MRI techniques have identified biomarkers that could help to predict whether someone will develop epilepsy.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Chemoreception: Keeping carbon dioxide in check

    Alfredo J Garcia III, Jan-Marino Ramirez
    The response of the brainstem to increased levels of carbon dioxide in the blood is coordinated with the response of the cardiovascular system.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Dbx1 precursor cells are a source of inspiratory XII premotoneurons

    Ann L Revill et al.
    Building on previous work (Wang et al., 2014), we use a combination of genetic, electrophysiology and laser ablation approaches to identify a developmentally defined population of neurons that are a significant source of clinically relevant inspiratory drive to XII motoneurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Purinergic regulation of vascular tone in the retrotrapezoid nucleus is specialized to support the drive to breathe

    Virginia E Hawkins et al.
    CO2/H+-dependent purinergic signaling by astrocytes provides specialized control of vascular tone in a brainstem respiratory center in a manner that contributes to respiratory behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Laser ablation of Dbx1 neurons in the pre-Bötzinger complex stops inspiratory rhythm and impairs output in neonatal mice

    Xueying Wang et al.
    Laser-ablating neurons of a single genetic class reveals that Dbx1-derived interneurons comprise core respiratory rhythmogenic and premotor circuits and provides quantitative cellular parameters that govern network functionality
    1. Neuroscience

    Motor control of Drosophila feeding behavior

    Olivia Schwarz et al.
    The neuroanatomical and functional analysis of genetically-identified motoneurons controlling all major steps of Drosophila proboscis extension provides new insights into the architecture of a motor circuitry controlling a reaching-like behavior.