The powerful computational operation of sequence recognition on behavioral timescales of approximately 1 s may emerge from synaptic activity-triggered build-up of biochemical waves in short 20 micron zones on dendrites.
Realistic reaction-diffusion signaling networks that include cell-autonomous factors can robustly form self-organizing spatial patterns for any combination of diffusion coefficients without requiring differential diffusivity.
The geometry selection rules of dynamic Min protein patterns are determined in fully confined fluidic chambers, showing that both oscillations and running waves are derivatives of spiral rotations that are established as the majority pattern.
Theoretical analysis and in vitro reconstitution of a biological reaction-diffusion system identify key functional motifs as well as underlying principles and enable rebuilding pattern formation in a modular fashion.
A quantitative analysis of glucose-dependent transport regulation indicates that mitochondrial accumulation in regions of high nutrient availability can enhance metabolism in neuronal axons under physiologically relevant conditions.
A hub in the rostral anterior cingulate cortex receives unusually high and functionally diverse inputs, providing a biological interface between motivation, incentive based learning, and decision making.
Theoretical study shows how enzymes can achieve substrate proofreading by taking advantage of existing molecular gradients in the cell while not being endowed with structural features typically required for proofreading.