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    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bacterial colonization stimulates a complex physiological response in the immature human intestinal epithelium

    David R Hill et al.
    Contact with bacteria and subsequent hypoxia promotes functional maturation of the immature gastrointestinal tract.
    1. Cell Biology

    Comment on ‘Orthogonal lipid sensors identify transbilayer asymmetry of plasma membrane cholesterol’

    Kevin C Courtney et al.
    We challenge a recent report that most of the cholesterol in the plasma membrane of mammalian cells is in the exofacial leaflet.
    1. Cell Biology

    The membrane-associated proteins FCHo and SGIP are allosteric activators of the AP2 clathrin adaptor complex

    Gunther Hollopeter et al.
    Endocytosis is triggered by membrane-associated proteins that transform the clathrin adaptor into an active complex.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Mouse TRPA1 function and membrane localization are modulated by direct interactions with cholesterol

    Justyna B Startek et al.
    The activation and membrane localization of the broadly-tuned noxious chemosensory cation channel TRPA1 are regulated by direct interactions with cholesterol via CRAC motifs in transmembane segments 2 and 4.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    An integrative genomic analysis of the Longshanks selection experiment for longer limbs in mice

    João PL Castro et al.
    Genome sequencing of mice selected for longer limbs reveals that rapid selection response is due to both discrete loci and polygenic adaptation.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Neuroscience

    Physical limits to magnetogenetics

    Markus Meister
    Recent reports on the ability of biological molecules to sense magnetic fields are found to be inconsistent with basic physical principles.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dendritic NMDA receptors in parvalbumin neurons enable strong and stable neuronal assemblies

    Jonathan H Cornford et al.
    NMDA receptors on PV+ interneurons mediate supralinear integration at feedback synapses from local pyramidal neurons, enabling competing networks to ‘lock’ onto salient inputs.
    1. Neuroscience

    Striatal adenosine A2A receptor neurons control active-period sleep via parvalbumin neurons in external globus pallidus

    Xiang-Shan Yuan et al.
    Rostral and central striatum controls slow-wave sleep during active phase in mice.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Substrate transport and anion permeation proceed through distinct pathways in glutamate transporters

    Mary Hongying Cheng et al.
    Novel evidence on the molecular determinants of the dual function, anion permeation and substrate transport, of excitatory amino acid transporters opens avenues toward illuminating how these transporters regulate synaptic function and contribute to neurological conditions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Role of protein synthesis and DNA methylation in the consolidation and maintenance of long-term memory in Aplysia

    Kaycey Pearce et al.
    Behavioral and synaptic investigations of long-term memory in Aplysia reveal differing roles for DNA methylation, protein synthesis during training and protein synthesis shortly after training with respect to memory consolidation and maintenance.