6,762 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Simple biochemical features underlie transcriptional activation domain diversity and dynamic, fuzzy binding to Mediator

    Adrian L Sanborn et al.
    Transcriptional activation domains achieve rapid, dynamic, specific interaction with Mediator through binding of an unstructured peptide to multiple hydrophobic surfaces without particular amino acid side chain interactions.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Conversion of random X-inactivation to imprinted X-inactivation by maternal PRC2

    Clair Harris et al.
    The PRC2 Polycomb complex made in the mouse oocyte prevents transcriptional inactivation of the maternal X-chromosome in the early embryo.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Quantitative analysis of how Myc controls T cell proteomes and metabolic pathways during T cell activation

    Julia M Marchingo et al.
    Myc-dependent induction of amino acid transporter expression in response to T cell receptor activation is essential to enable T cell proteome remodelling upon immune activation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Odor-evoked category reactivation in human ventromedial prefrontal cortex during sleep promotes memory consolidation

    Laura K Shanahan et al.
    Odor cues in sleep evoke content-specific signatures of neural reactivation in visual and prefrontal brain areas that predict subsequent memory performance in the wake state.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    CLAMP and Zelda function together to promote Drosophila zygotic genome activation

    Jingyue Duan et al.
    Maternal CLAMP functions as a novel pioneer transcription factor to open chromatin and plays a targeted yet essential role in Drosophila zygotic genome activation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Akt-mTORC1 signaling regulates Acly to integrate metabolic input to control of macrophage activation

    Anthony J Covarrubias et al.
    Interleukin 4 signaling co-opts the Akt-mTORC1-Acly pathway to couple metabolic input to the control of energetically demanding processes during macrophage M2 activation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    H3K4 mono- and di-methyltransferase MLL4 is required for enhancer activation during cell differentiation

    Ji-Eun Lee et al.
    MLL4 (KMT2D) is a major mammalian H3K4 mono- and di-methyltransferase that is essential for enhancer activation, cell-type-specific gene expression, and cell differentiation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    Natural depletion of histone H1 in sex cells causes DNA demethylation, heterochromatin decondensation and transposon activation

    Shengbo He et al.
    Transposon activation during male gametogenesis is caused by interactions between DNA demethylation and linker histone H1, developmental depletion of which promotes pollen fertility.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Activation-triggered subunit exchange between CaMKII holoenzymes facilitates the spread of kinase activity

    Margaret Stratton et al.
    Activation of CaMKII holoenzymes triggers the exchange of subunits with other holoenzymes, including unactivated ones, enabling the calcium-independent phosphorylation and activation of new subunits.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    GAF is essential for zygotic genome activation and chromatin accessibility in the early Drosophila embryo

    Marissa M Gaskill et al.
    Following fertilization, the pioneering transcription factors GAGA factor (GAF) and Zelda are independently required to reprogram the zygotic genome of Drosophila and activate the first wave of gene expression.

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