456 results found
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Domain-swapped T cell receptors improve the safety of TCR gene therapy

    Michael T Bethune et al.
    Engineered T cell receptors enable targeted immunotherapy with a reduced risk of harmful autoimmunity.
    1. Neuroscience

    LRP1 regulates peroxisome biogenesis and cholesterol homeostasis in oligodendrocytes and is required for proper CNS myelin development and repair

    Jing-Ping Lin et al.
    In oligodendrocyte progenitor cells, lipid metabolism and peroxisome biogenesis are regulated by the low-density lipoprotein related-receptor-1, and if disrupted, impair proper white matter development and adult repair.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Science Forum: The Human Cell Atlas

    Aviv Regev et al.
    Advances in techniques for analysing single cells and tissues have inspired an international effort to create comprehensive reference maps of all human cells - the fundamental units of life - as a basis for both understanding human health and diagnosing, monitoring and treating disease.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Patterning and Axis Formation: Heterodimers reign in the embryo

    Benjamin Tajer, Mary C Mullins
    Experiments by three independent groups on zebrafish have clarified the role of two signaling factors, Nodal and Gdf3, during the early stages of development.
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    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    T Cell Activation: The importance of methionine metabolism

    Ramon I Klein Geltink, Erika L Pearce
    T helper cells import methionine to synthesize new proteins and to provide the methyl groups needed for the methylation of RNA and DNA that drives T cell proliferation and differentiation.
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    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Nuclear receptor Ftz-f1 promotes follicle maturation and ovulation partly via bHLH/PAS transcription factor Sim

    Elizabeth M Knapp et al.
    Genetic analyses illustrate the novel requirement of Ftz-f1 and Sim in adult Drosophila ovaries for regulating follicle cell differentiation and ovulation that is likely conserved in mammals.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structures and functional properties of CALHM channels of the human placenta

    Katarzyna Drożdżyk et al.
    Members of the calcium homeostasis modulator family expressed in the placenta form large channels with unknown activation properties that harbor a lipid bilayer on the inside of a cylindrical pore.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Identification of drug modifiers for RYR1-related myopathy using a multi-species discovery pipeline

    Jonathan R Volpatti et al.
    A multi-species chemical screening platform reveals a conserved role for p38 inhibition in modulating ryanodine receptor-related phenotypes and is adaptable to a range of neuromuscular disorders.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Protein phosphatase 1 activity controls a balance between collective and single cell modes of migration

    Yujun Chen et al.
    Protein phosphatase 1 activity promotes cohesive collective cell migration by restricting actomyosin contractility to the periphery of the collective and maintaining proper cadherin–catenin complex protein levels at cell–cell junctions.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    The tumor microenvironment as a metabolic barrier to effector T cells and immunotherapy

    Aaron R Lim et al.
    Diverse components of the tumor microenvironment affect T cell metabolism in ways that are crucial to improving immunotherapy.

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