400 results found
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Domain-swapped T cell receptors improve the safety of TCR gene therapy

    Michael T Bethune et al.
    Engineered T cell receptors enable targeted immunotherapy with a reduced risk of harmful autoimmunity.
    1. Neuroscience

    LRP1 regulates peroxisome biogenesis and cholesterol homeostasis in oligodendrocytes and is required for proper CNS myelin development and repair

    Jing-Ping Lin et al.
    In oligodendrocyte progenitor cells, lipid metabolism and peroxisome biogenesis are regulated by the low-density lipoprotein related-receptor-1, and if disrupted, impair proper white matter development and adult repair.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Science Forum: The Human Cell Atlas

    Aviv Regev et al.
    Advances in techniques for analysing single cells and tissues have inspired an international effort to create comprehensive reference maps of all human cells - the fundamental units of life - as a basis for both understanding human health and diagnosing, monitoring and treating disease.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Patterning and Axis Formation: Heterodimers reign in the embryo

    Benjamin Tajer, Mary C Mullins
    Experiments by three independent groups on zebrafish have clarified the role of two signaling factors, Nodal and Gdf3, during the early stages of development.
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    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    T Cell Activation: The importance of methionine metabolism

    Ramon I Klein Geltink, Erika L Pearce
    T helper cells import methionine to synthesize new proteins and to provide the methyl groups needed for the methylation of RNA and DNA that drives T cell proliferation and differentiation.
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    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Modulation of let-7 miRNAs controls the differentiation of effector CD8 T cells

    Alexandria C Wells et al.
    TCR-mediated downregulation of let-7 microRNAs licenses the differentiation of activated CD8 T cells into cytotoxic T lymphocytes.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Reciprocal regulation of ARPP-16 by PKA and MAST3 kinases provides a cAMP-regulated switch in protein phosphatase 2A inhibition

    Veronica Musante et al.
    A complex interplay between MAST3 and PKA protein kinases and the regulatory protein ARPP-16 allows cAMP to control the activity of protein phosphatase 2A.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Full length RTN3 regulates turnover of tubular endoplasmic reticulum via selective autophagy

    Paolo Grumati et al.
    Full length RTN3 homodimerization mediates ER tubules fragmentation and their subsequent delivery to lysosome.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neurosecretory protein GL stimulates food intake, de novo lipogenesis, and onset of obesity

    Eiko Iwakoshi-Ukena et al.
    Neurosecretory protein GL, a previously unknown mammalian neuropeptide, is a novel hypothalamic factor which regulates feeding behavior and peripheral lipogenesis in animals.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Lunatic fringe-mediated Notch signaling regulates adult hippocampal neural stem cell maintenance

    Fatih Semerci et al.
    In adult mouse hippocampus, neural stem cell and their progeny communicate via Lunatic Fringe mediated Notch signaling to regulate stem cell quiescence, division, and fate.

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