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    1. Neuroscience

    Gyrification of the cerebral cortex requires FGF signaling in the mammalian brain

    Naoyuki Matsumoto et al.
    FGF signaling is crucial for gyrus formation, proliferation of outer radial glial cells and expansion of upper layers of the cerebral cortex in gyrencephalic mammals.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cation selectivity of the presequence translocase channel Tim23 is crucial for efficient protein import

    Niels Denkert et al.
    Channel characteristics of the presequence translocation pore have a direct impact on protein import into the mitochondrial matrix.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Yap1 safeguards mouse embryonic stem cells from excessive apoptosis during differentiation

    Lucy LeBlanc et al.
    During ES cell differentiation, Yap1 directly regulates apoptosis-related genes like Bcl-2 and Mcl-1 to attenuate apoptosis and promote cell survival to allow for successful cell fate changes.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    An efficient CRISPR-based strategy to insert small and large fragments of DNA using short homology arms

    Oguz Kanca et al.
    Optimization of homology donor DNA production and integration schemes facilitates homologous recombination in vivo and in cell culture in Drosophila melanogaster..
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Amino acid synthesis loss in parasitoid wasps and other hymenopterans

    Xinhai Ye et al.
    The synthesis capability of some amino acids is lost during the insect evolution, and hymenopteran parasitoids can make up for these deficiencies by altering free amino acid concentrations in host.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Peptidoglycan sensing by octopaminergic neurons modulates Drosophila oviposition

    C Leopold Kurz et al.
    Female fruit flies sense bacteria-derived peptidoglycan via the octopaminergic neurons to adapt their egg laying behavior to their infection status.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Insect endosymbiont proliferation is limited by lipid availability

    Jeremy K Herren et al.
    The endosymbiont Spiroplasma can only proliferate if it can acquire sufficient hemolymph lipids from its insect host.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The carboxyl-terminal sequence of bim enables bax activation and killing of unprimed cells

    Xiaoke Chi et al.
    The C-terminal membrane binding domain of Bim is shown to interact with and activate Bim enabling it to kill cells not dependent on anti-apoptotic proteins for survival.
    1. Cell Biology

    Meiotic cellular rejuvenation is coupled to nuclear remodeling in budding yeast

    Grant A King et al.
    A meiotic nuclear remodeling event mediates cellular rejuvenation through elimination of senescence factors.
    1. Cell Biology

    Distinct insulin granule subpopulations implicated in the secretory pathology of diabetes types 1 and 2

    Alex J B Kreutzberger et al.
    Insulin secreting cells harbor distinct subpopulations of insulin granules and loss of one or the other correlates strongly with secretory deficiencies characterizing type-1 or type-2 diabetes.