1,568 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Retinal direction selectivity in the absence of asymmetric starburst amacrine cell responses

    Laura Hanson et al.
    Experimental and computational models reveal how parallel 'core' mechanisms shape direction selectivity at the dendrites of starburst amacrine cells and ganglion cells in the mouse retina.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A systematically-revised ribosome profiling method for bacteria reveals pauses at single-codon resolution

    Fuad Mohammad et al.
    With the removal of confounding artifacts, ribosome profiling can yield insight into the mechanism of protein synthesis in bacteria at high resolution.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular basis of synaptic specificity by immunoglobulin superfamily receptors in Drosophila

    Shouqiang Cheng et al.
    Fly protein families Dprs and DIPs can create a multitude of complementary interfaces for homo- and heterophilic adhesion complexes, resulting in instructive roles for connectivity in the motor neuron circuitry.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Determination of host proteins composing the microenvironment of coronavirus replicase complexes by proximity-labeling

    Philip V'kovski et al.
    The molecular microenvironment of coronaviral replicase complexes provides functional and spatial links between conserved cellular processes and viral RNA synthesis, and highlights potential targets for the development of novel antivirals.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    CNTN5-/+or EHMT2-/+human iPSC-derived neurons from individuals with autism develop hyperactive neuronal networks

    Eric Deneault et al.
    Autism-associated iPSC-derived neurons mutant in CNTN5 or EHMT2 are hyperactive.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Fish-hunting cone snail venoms are a rich source of minimized ligands of the vertebrate insulin receptor

    Peter Ahorukomeye et al.
    The unique modus operandi of cone snail venom insulins provides new insight into insulin receptor activation and informs on the design of insulin analogs for the treatment of diabetes.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Hexameric helicase G40P unwinds DNA in single base pair steps

    Michael Schlierf et al.
    Single-molecule FRET experiments reveal that G40P, a DnaB-like helicase, unwinds double-stranded DNA in single base pair steps and its processivity is enhanced by host primase DnaG.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    TIAM-1/GEF can shape somatosensory dendrites independently of its GEF activity by regulating F-actin localization

    Leo TH Tang et al.
    The DMA-1/LRR-TM cell surface receptor signals through partially redundant pathways to cell-autonomously pattern dendrites, including by directly forming a complex with both the TIAM-1/GEF and ACT-4/Actin.
    1. Neuroscience

    High-order thalamic inputs to primary somatosensory cortex are stronger and longer lasting than cortical inputs

    Wanying Zhang, Randy M Bruno
    Secondary thalamic nuclei may provide stronger, longer-lasting input to superficial layers of primary sensory cortex than other cortical areas can.
    1. Plant Biology

    Convergent recruitment of TALE homeodomain life cycle regulators to direct sporophyte development in land plants and brown algae

    Alok Arun et al.
    TALE homeodomain transcription factors have been independently recruited to regulate gametophyte to sporophyte transitions in two complex multicellular eukaryotic supergroups, land plants in Archaeplastida and brown algae in Chromalveolata.

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