2,134 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    MeCP2 in cholinergic interneurons of nucleus accumbens regulates fear learning

    Ying Zhang et al.
    Robust fear learning deficits and decreased tonic activity of NAc cholinergic interneurons caused by depletion of MeCP2 could be attributed to an elevation in α2-containing GABAA receptors.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    ER-luminal [Ca2+] regulation of InsP3 receptor gating mediated by an ER-luminal peripheral Ca2+-binding protein

    Horia Vais et al.
    Calcium release from the endoplasmic reticulum through the IP3 receptor ion channel is strongly regulated by a calcium-binding protein in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum.
    1. Cell Biology

    Bmal1 integrates mitochondrial metabolism and macrophage activation

    Ryan K Alexander et al.
    Macrophage Bmal1 controls the timing of the glycolytic to oxidative metabolism transition that dictates the extent of Hif-1a activation and the associated inflammatory response.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Point of View: Bioengineering horizon scan 2020

    Luke Kemp et al.
    20 emerging issues in bioengineering that will have profound impacts on society have been identified.
    1. Neuroscience

    Effects of fluorescent glutamate indicators on neurotransmitter diffusion and uptake

    Moritz Armbruster et al.
    Fluorescent glutamate indicators distort the time course of neurotransmitter diffusion and uptake by competing with transporters, an important caveat to consider when using iGluSnFR and its analogs.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Identifying the immune interactions underlying HLA class I disease associations

    Bisrat J Debebe et al.
    HLA class I-disease associations have been studied for decades; a new approach for investigating the underlying mechanism can overcome past problems with interpretation and help to understand the etiology of human diseases.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    IP3 mediated global Ca2+ signals arise through two temporally and spatially distinct modes of Ca2+ release

    Jeffrey T Lock, Ian Parker
    Cell-wide Ca2+ signals that regulate numerous cellular functions comprise dual Ca2+ release modes through IP3 receptors, punctate transients mediated by clustered receptors and spatiotemporally diffuse release through functionally distinct receptors.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The Warburg Effect and lactate signaling augment Fgf-MAPK to promote sensory-neural development in the otic vesicle

    Husniye Kantarci et al.
    Glycolysis is locally enhanced and redirected in zebrafish to generate lactate, which functions as a signaling molecule to fully activate Fgf target genes required for proper sensory and neural development.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Characterization of the kinetic cycle of an ABC transporter by single-molecule and cryo-EM analyses

    Ling Wang et al.
    The conformational dynamics of multidrug resistance protein 1 (MRP1) are tracked in real time by single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer experiments, which elucidate the rate-limiting mechanism of MRP1's transport cycle.
    1. Cell Biology

    Keratin 14-dependent disulfides regulate epidermal homeostasis and barrier function via 14-3-3σ and YAP1

    Yajuan Guo et al.
    Keratin filaments are revealed as novel regulators of entry into terminal differentiation in the epidermis via an ability to modulate YAP1 function and Hippo signaling.

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