2,600 results found
    1. Plant Biology

    Spontaneous symbiotic reprogramming of plant roots triggered by receptor-like kinases

    Martina Katharina Ried et al.
    Ectopic expression of Symbiosis Receptor-like Kinase (SYMRK) in roots of the legume Lotus japonicus resulted in spontaneous activation of nodule organogenesis and mycorrhiza-related gene expression in the absence of microbial symbionts or signalling molecules.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    A receptor-like kinase mutant with absent endodermal diffusion barrier displays selective nutrient homeostasis defects

    Alexandre Pfister et al.
    The SCHENGEN3 protein is needed for the progression of isolated microdomains into a continuous band, which is necessary for the establishment of the major extracellular diffusion barrier in plant roots: the Casparian strip.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    How IGF-1 activates its receptor

    Jennifer M Kavran et al.
    Ligand binding to the ectodomain of the insulin-like growth factor receptor destabilises an autoinhibitory inter-subunit interaction, which allows the transmembrane domains to associate and the intracellular regions to autophosphorylate.
    1. Plant Biology

    The CLAVATA receptor FASCIATED EAR2 responds to distinct CLE peptides by signaling through two downstream effectors

    Byoung Il Je et al.
    The maize CLAVATA receptor, FEA2, functions in the perception of two different ligands, and remarkably that signaling from these different inputs is differentiated by the receptor interacting with two different downstream components.
    1. Neuroscience

    Nemo-like kinase is a novel regulator of spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy

    Tiffany W Todd et al.
    Nemo-like kinase is a key protein promoting the pathogenesis of spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Autophagy regulates inflammatory programmed cell death via turnover of RHIM-domain proteins

    Junghyun Lim et al.
    Autophagy is critical for the turnover of inflammatory signaling complexes containing RHIM-domain proteins.
    1. Plant Biology

    Glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins as chaperones and co-receptors for FERONIA receptor kinase signaling in Arabidopsis

    Chao Li et al.
    FERONIA receptor kinase interacts with phosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins LORELEI and LLG1 to ensure its proper functional location in the cell membrane and engages them as co-receptors on the cell surface to mediate a broad spectrum of growth and signaling processes.
    1. Plant Biology

    FRET kinase sensor development reveals SnRK2/OST1 activation by ABA but not by MeJA and high CO2 during stomatal closure

    Li Zhang et al.
    Development of a real-time SnRK2 kinase FRET reporter reveals rapid SnRK2 activation by ABA, but not by Methyl-Jasmonate or elevated CO2, while directly demonstrating basal SnRK2 activity in guard cells.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Multiple sources of slow activity fluctuations in a bacterial chemosensory network

    Remy Colin et al.
    Single-cell FRET measurements reveal large temporal activity fluctuations within this signaling pathway in Escherichia coli, caused by stochasticity of receptor methylation combined with allosteric interactions and slow rearrangements within receptor clusters.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Signaling pathways as linear transmitters

    Harry Nunns, Lea Goentoro
    Mathematical and experimental analyses suggest that despite their complex architectures, multiple metazoan signaling pathways act in physiological contexts as linear signal transmitters.

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