328 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Reciprocal synapses between mushroom body and dopamine neurons form a positive feedback loop required for learning

    Isaac Cervantes-Sandoval et al.
    Structural and functional analysis of axonal-axonal reciprocal connections between dopamine neurons and Kenyon cells provides insight into the brain computations for normal associative olfactory learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Presynaptic NMDARs cooperate with local spikes toward GABA release from the reciprocal olfactory bulb granule cell spine

    Vanessa Lage-Rupprecht et al.
    The essential role of presynaptic NMDA receptors for granule cell GABAergic output elucidates the function of reciprocal spines in recurrent and possibly lateral inhibition of mitral cells during olfactory processsing.
    1. Neuroscience

    The CNS connectome of a tadpole larva of Ciona intestinalis (L.) highlights sidedness in the brain of a chordate sibling

    Kerrianne Ryan et al.
    Serial-section EM analysis uncovers the CNS connectome of a Ciona larva, the second of any entire nervous system, and exposes left-right asymmetries in its synaptic circuits.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spinal V2b neurons reveal a role for ipsilateral inhibition in speed control

    Rebecca A Callahan et al.
    Two anatomically and genetically distinct subtypes of spinal V2b neurons provide inhibition onto motor circuits and serve as a brake on locomotor speed.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning excitatory-inhibitory neuronal assemblies in recurrent networks

    Owen Mackwood et al.
    The synaptic structure in mouse V1 is explained by a synergy of homeostatic plasticity in incoming and outgoing synapses of inhibitory interneurons, establishing a stimulus-specific balance of excitation and inhibition.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The head direction circuit of two insect species

    Ioannis Pisokas et al.
    Two evolutionary distant insect species share a common head direction circuit with subtle differences in neuronal morphologies that result in distinct circuit dynamics adapted to each species’ ecology.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional integration of a serotonergic neuron in the Drosophila antennal lobe

    Xiaonan Zhang, Quentin Gaudry
    Serotonergic cells innervating the Drosophila antennal lobe are inhibited by odors and modulate olfactory responses in conjunction with the entire serotonergic network.
    1. Neuroscience

    Non-canonical role for Lpar1-EGFP subplate neurons in early postnatal mouse somatosensory cortex

    Filippo Ghezzi et al.
    A combined developmental genetics, electrophysiology, and optical approach identify two distinct and dynamic components of the developing neuronal circuit that relay and interpret thalamic input in primary sensory neocortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functionally asymmetric motor neurons contribute to coordinating locomotion of Caenorhabditis elegans

    Oleg Tolstenkov et al.
    The 'missing' class of Caenorhabditis elegans excitatory motor neurons, AS, contribute to propagation and coordination of body waves, integrating information from, and feeding back to premotor interneurons byelectrical signaling.
    1. Neuroscience

    Feedback inhibition and its control in an insect olfactory circuit

    Subhasis Ray et al.
    Electrophysiological recordings and a large-scale biophysical model show that a unique inhibitory neuron plays a central role in structuring olfactory codes in the insect brain.

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