324 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    Tropical disease

    Tropical Disease: A Collection of Articles

    Curated by Prabhat Jha et al.
    eLife has published papers on many tropical diseases, including malaria, Ebola, leishmaniases, Dengue and African sleeping sickness.
    1. Neuroscience

    Catecholaminergic challenge uncovers distinct Pavlovian and instrumental mechanisms of motivated (in)action

    Jennifer C Swart et al.
    Motivational coupling of action to reward and inhibition to punishment is subserved by dissociable learning and choice processes, and is modulated by dopamine/noradrenaline transporter blockade.
    1. Microbiology and infectious disease

    Asymmetric division triggers cell-specific gene expression through coupled capture and stabilization of a phosphatase

    Niels Bradshaw, Richard Losick
    Asymmetric cell division is linked to cell-specific transcription by handoff of a key developmental regulator from the cytokinetic machinery to the adjacent cell pole where it oligomerizes to become stabilized and activated.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    T cell receptor repertoires of mice and humans are clustered in similarity networks around conserved public CDR3 sequences

    Asaf Madi et al.
    A new perception of the organization of T-cell receptor repertoires in mice and humans, based on high-throughput sequencing and CDR3 sequence similarity, indicates hubs of cross-species public sequences forming evolutionary conserved 'foci of attention' of T cell immunity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Perceptual decisions are biased by the cost to act

    Nobuhiro Hagura et al.
    When choosing between stimuli, the effort required to act on the resulting decision influences the processing of the stimuli themselves.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The interactome of the copper transporter ATP7A belongs to a network of neurodevelopmental and neurodegeneration factors

    Heather S Comstra et al.
    The ATP7A interactome is the first comprehensive view of putative Menkes disease neurodegeneration mechanisms.
    1. Neuroscience

    Comprehensive machine learning analysis of Hydra behavior reveals a stable basal behavioral repertoire

    Shuting Han et al.
    A novel automated behavior analysis method for Hydra identifies pre-defined and new behavior types, and reveals a stable behavior repertoire.
    1. Neuroscience

    Formation of retinal direction-selective circuitry initiated by starburst amacrine cell homotypic contact

    Thomas A Ray et al.
    Selective synapse formation in a retinal motion-sensitive circuit is orchestrated by starburst amacrine cells, which use homotypic interactions to initiate formation of a dendritic scaffold that recruits projections from circuit partners.
    1. Neuroscience

    Efficient and accurate extraction of in vivo calcium signals from microendoscopic video data

    Pengcheng Zhou et al.
    A new open-source computational toolbox for processing in vivo microendoscopic calcium imaging data performs signal demixing and denoising much more accurately than previously available methods, significantly improving the utility of this imaging modality.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    IgM and IgD B cell receptors differentially respond to endogenous antigens and control B cell fate

    Mark Noviski et al.
    Self-reactive B cells downregulate the IgM but not the IgD B cell receptor, and this serves as a critical tolerance mechanism because IgD is less sensitive to bona fide endogenous antigens than IgM.

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