3,877 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Optogenetic strategies for high-efficiency all-optical interrogation using blue-light-sensitive opsins

    Angelo Forli et al.
    A new soma-targeted variant of the large-conductance blue-light-sensitive opsin CoChR combined with advanced optical stimulation methods allows high-efficiency all-optical neuronal imaging and stimulation in mouse brain in vivo.
    1. Neuroscience

    Stimulus-dependent relationships between behavioral choice and sensory neural responses

    Daniel Chicharro et al.
    New stimulus-dependencies of choice-related signals in sensory neurons uncovered by new analytical results and methods.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Philosophy of Biology: The meanings of 'function' in biology and the problematic case of de novo gene emergence

    Diane Marie Keeling et al.
    A lexicon to help scientists and philosophers discuss the meaning of function in molecular biology more clearly is proposed.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Investigating the trade-off between folding and function in a multidomain Y-family DNA polymerase

    Xiakun Chu et al.
    The physical interaction network encoded in the multi-domain protein native structure handles the trade-off between the fast, stable folding and the efficient, reliable function.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Fatty acid β-oxidation is required for the differentiation of larval hematopoietic progenitors in Drosophila

    Satish Kumar Tiwari et al.
    Genetic and molecular analyses reveal the decisive role of fatty acid oxidation (FAO) acting downstream to the ROS-JNK circuit essential for hemocyte progenitor differentiation in Drosophila..
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Independent evolution of ancestral and novel defenses in a genus of toxic plants (Erysimum, Brassicaceae)

    Tobias Züst et al.
    A gain-of-function in a new chemical defense resulted in no trade-offs and and independent evolution between novel and ancestral defenses, suggesting low redundancy among different defensive chemicals.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An integrin/MFG-E8 shuttle loads HIV-1 viral-like particles onto follicular dendritic cells in mouse lymph node

    Chung Park, John H Kehrl
    Intravital imaging with HIV-1 viral-like particle in mouse model reveals a mechanism for HIV-1 uptake by subcapsular sinus macrophages that facilitates HIV-1 spreading tofollicular dendritic and B cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Decoupling sensory from decisional choice biases in perceptual decision making

    Daniel Linares et al.
    Perceptual decision making, even in simple scenarios, is affected by sensory and decisional choice biases.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Firefly genomes illuminate parallel origins of bioluminescence in beetles

    Timothy R Fallon et al.
    The first genomic view of beetle luciferase evolution indicates evolutionary independence of luciferase between fireflies and click-beetles, and provide valuable datasets which will accelerate the discovery of new biotechnological tools.
    1. Neuroscience

    Immediate perception of a reward is distinct from the reward’s long-term salience

    John P McGinnis et al.
    The experiences that are most rewarding at the time are not necessarily those that are remembered long-term.

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