330 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    SUMO is a pervasive regulator of meiosis

    Nikhil R Bhagwat et al.
    Multi-dimensional global proteomics describes the SUMO-modified proteome during meiosis and reveals novel roles in regulating the key events of meiotic chromosome metabolism.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Mitochondrial copper and phosphate transporter specificity was defined early in the evolution of eukaryotes

    Xinyu Zhu et al.
    Ancient evolutionary signatures reveal mechanistic details of substrate specificity in copper-transporting mitochondria carrier family proteins.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Dichloroacetate reverses sepsis-induced hepatic metabolic dysfunction

    Rabina Mainali et al.
    Integrative multi-omics reveals global dysregulation in hepatic metabolism during prolonged sepsis.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Virus infection of the CNS disrupts the immune-neural-synaptic axis via induction of pleiotropic gene regulation of host responses

    Olga A Maximova et al.
    Virus infection of the central nervous system disrupts the homeostasis of the immune-neural-synaptic axis via induction of pleiotropic genes with an unintended off-target negative impact on the neurotransmission.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Identification of ligand-specific G protein-coupled receptor states and prediction of downstream efficacy via data-driven modeling

    Oliver Fleetwood et al.
    Ligands with different efficacy profiles shift the free energy landscape of the beta2 adrenergic receptor activation and stabilize diverse active-like states via the switch of microswitches lining an allosteric pathway.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Curcumin promotes AApoAII amyloidosis and peroxisome proliferation in mice by activating the PPARα signaling pathway

    Jian Dai et al.
    Curcumin regulates gene expression via PPARa activation and exhibits biological activities involved in amyloidosis, peroxisome proliferation, lipid metabolism, and hepatocyte hypertrophy.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Proteomics reveals synergy between biomass degrading enzymes and inorganic Fenton chemistry in leaf-cutting ant colonies

    Morten Schiøtt, Jacobus J Boomsma
    Leaf-cutting ants use their fecal fluid to vector enzymes produced by their fungal symbiont to degrade plant biomass with a combination of degradation enzymes and Fenton chemistry.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Use of signals of positive and negative selection to distinguish cancer genes and passenger genes

    László Bányai et al.
    In contrast with earlier conclusions, negative selection has a major role in cancer evolution.
    1. Neuroscience

    The distinct roles of calcium in rapid control of neuronal glycolysis and the tricarboxylic acid cycle

    Carlos Manlio Díaz-García et al.
    When neurons are stimulated, calcium entry into mitochondria upregulates mitochondrial energy production, but glycolytic energy production in the cytosol is stimulated by elevated energy demand, not Ca2+ signaling.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Global, cell non-autonomous gene regulation drives individual lifespan among isogenic C. elegans

    Holly E Kinser et al.
    Expression of almost half of a library of fluorescent reporters distinguish long- from short-lived individual Caenorhabditis elegans, suggesting that organism-wide differences in gene expression drive future lifespan.

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