276 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mechanistic Microbiome Studies: A Special Issue

    Edited by Wendy S Garrett et al.
    eLife is pleased to present a Special Issue to highlight recent advances in the mechanistic understanding of microbiome function.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Proliferation-independent regulation of organ size by Fgf/Notch signaling

    Agnė Kozlovskaja-Gumbrienė et al.
    Cell adhesion regulates organ size in the zebrafish lateral line system.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    How lamina-associated polypeptide 1 (LAP1) activates Torsin

    Brian A Sosa et al.
    LAP1 adopts an AAA+ like fold that, while unable to bind nucleotide, can enhance ATPase activity in the neighboring TorsinA protomer in an unusual heterohexameric ring, via an arginine finger.
    1. Cell Biology

    Genome-wide interrogation of extracellular vesicle biology using barcoded miRNAs

    Albert Lu et al.
    A screen using artificially barcoded, exosomal microRNAs, paired with CRISPR guide RNAs, helped identify new players in multivesicular endosome exocytosis and a role for Wnt signaling.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Dual control of NAD+ synthesis by purine metabolites in yeast

    Benoît Pinson et al.
    Two distinct processes drive coordinated synthesis of purine and pyridine (NAD+) nucleotides in response to AICAR derivatives and ATP.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Presenilin mutations deregulate mitochondrial Ca2+ homeostasis and metabolic activity causing neurodegeneration in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Shaarika Sarasija et al.
    In C. elegans, presenilin functions, independent of its gamma-secretase proteolytic activity, to regulate mitochondrial metabolism by controlling ER-mitochondrial calcium transfer and, even in the absence of Abeta signaling, loss of this activity leads to neurodegeneration.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Lysosomal membrane glycoproteins bind cholesterol and contribute to lysosomal cholesterol export

    Jian Li, Suzanne R Pfeffer
    LAMP proteins, the major glycoproteins of the lysosome membrane, bind cholesterol directly and specifically, and interact with NPC1 and NPC2 proteins as part of the lysosomal cholesterol export process.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Ecology and evolution of viruses infecting uncultivated SUP05 bacteria as revealed by single-cell- and meta-genomics

    Simon Roux et al.
    Single-cell amplified genome sequencing uncovers virus-host interactions in uncultivated sulfur-oxidizing bacteria with relevance to coupled biogeochemical cycling in marine oxygen minimum zones.
    1. Cell Biology

    Nuclear receptor LRH-1/NR5A2 is required and targetable for liver endoplasmic reticulum stress resolution

    Jennifer L Mamrosh et al.
    LRH-1/NR5A2 responds to ER stress by inducing a novel pathway that is required for stress resolution in mice and can be targeted by LRH-1 agonists.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The C-terminal region of the motor protein MCAK controls its structure and activity through a conformational switch

    Sandeep K Talapatra et al.
    Structural analysis of the kinesin-13 MCAK bound to its C-terminal tail reveals the molecular basis for the conformation of kinesin-13 in solution and the mechanism that triggers long-range conformational changes upon microtubule binding.

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