393 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Structured inhibitory activity dynamics in new virtual environments

    Moises Arriaga, Edward B Han
    Inhibitory interneuron activity is dynamically modulated in new environments while individual interneurons show consistent levels of activity modulation across multiple environments, suggesting functional specialization of inhibitory subnetworks.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure-based inhibitors of amyloid beta core suggest a common interface with tau

    Sarah L Griner et al.
    Aβ inhibitors effectively block its aggregation, while also reducing seeding of tau aggregation from Aβ, tau, and AD derived fibrils, suggesting the two share a structurally related disease relevant interface.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    The mother’s risk of premature death after child loss across two centuries

    Unnur A Valdimarsdóttir et al.
    A large-scale, sibling-based analysis of the Icelandic population spanning two centuries demonstrates an increase in maternal mortality rates after child loss on both sides of a major demographic transition.
    1. Neuroscience

    Modular organization of cerebellar climbing fiber inputs during goal-directed behavior

    Shinichiro Tsutsumi et al.
    Motor and non-motor functions are represented in spatially segregated and temporally organized climbing fiber signals to distinct cerebellar zones during goal-directed behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Classical conditioning drives learned reward prediction signals in climbing fibers across the lateral cerebellum

    William Heffley, Court Hull
    Cerebellar climbing fibers can generate learned reward-predictive instructional signals, suggesting a role for cerebellar learning in the reinforcement of reward-driven behaviors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopamine neuron ensembles signal the content of sensory prediction errors

    Thomas A Stalnaker et al.
    Dopamine neurons function as an ensemble to signal a multidimensional feature prediction error.
    1. Neuroscience

    Differential contributions of the two human cerebral hemispheres to action timing

    Anja Pflug et al.
    Brain imaging reveals frequency-dependent lateralized rhythmic finger tapping control by the auditory cortex with left-lateralized control of relative fast and right-lateralized control of relative slow rhythms.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dichotomous organization of amygdala/temporal-prefrontal bundles in both humans and monkeys

    Davide Folloni et al.
    Amygdala/temporal-prefrontal cortex fibers are organised in separate amygdalofugal and uncinate bundles in humans and macaques, shaping the anatomical foundation for decision-making and socio-emotional behaviour.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Near-infrared dual bioluminescence imaging in mouse models of cancer using infraluciferin

    Cassandra L Stowe et al.
    Two cellular populations can be tracked in the same small animal model using near-infrared bioluminescence imaging, for the first time opening up the window for multi-coloured bioluminescence.
    1. Neuroscience

    DeepFly3D, a deep learning-based approach for 3D limb and appendage tracking in tethered, adult Drosophila

    Semih Günel et al.
    DeepFly3D, a deep learning-based software, measures limb and appendage movements in tethered, behaving Drosophila and enables precise behavioral measurements during neural recordings, stimulation, and other biological experiments.

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