677 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    A stepped-wedge randomised trial on the impact of early ART initiation on HIV-patients’ economic outcomes in Eswatini

    Janina Isabel Steinert et al.
    A stepped-wedge randomised controlled trial shows that early antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation does not negatively affect the economic welfare of HIV patients in a low-income country.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural encoding of actual and imagined touch within human posterior parietal cortex

    Srinivas Chivukula et al.
    Single neurons in human posterior parietal cortex encode actual and imagined touch within a shared neural substrate.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Quantifying antibiotic impact on within-patient dynamics of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase resistance

    Rene Niehus et al.
    A data-driven within-host model reveals that different antibiotics are associated with divergent effects on antibiotic resistance carriage and abundance in hospitalised patients, with important implications for antibiotic stewardship.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Dithranol targets keratinocytes, their crosstalk with neutrophils and inhibits the IL-36 inflammatory loop in psoriasis

    Theresa Benezeder et al.
    Targeting the differentiation regulators and/or AMPs of keratinocytes, rather than targeting immune cells, may be an alternative approach for topical anti-psoriatic treatment, an area with high need for new drugs.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Species-specific maturation profiles of human, chimpanzee and bonobo neural cells

    Maria C Marchetto et al.
    Using iPSCs as a model to study neurodevelopmental differences between human and nonhuman primates lays the groundwork for understanding aspects of human brain evolution and neurological disease susceptibility.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Trajectories of childhood immune development and respiratory health relevant to asthma and allergy

    Howard HF Tang et al.
    Unsupervised cluster analysis identified similar groups of children in different cohorts, with distinct developmental patterns of immunorespiratory health, asthma and allergy.
    1. Ecology

    Digitizing mass spectrometry data to explore the chemical diversity and distribution of marine cyanobacteria and algae

    Tal Luzzatto-Knaan et al.
    Mass spectrometry has potential as a tool for ecological studies and bioprospecting of natural products from marine cyanobacteria and algae.
    1. Neuroscience

    Transformation of temporal sequences in the zebra finch auditory system

    Yoonseob Lim et al.
    Songbirds discriminate synthetic sounds composed of temporal patterns of clicks, which they transform into distinct ensemble or spatial patterns in successive stages of neural auditory processing.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Medicine

    A randomised double blind placebo controlled phase 2 trial of adjunctive aspirin for tuberculous meningitis in HIV-uninfected adults

    Nguyen TH Mai et al.
    Adjunctive aspirin may reduce new brain infarcts and deaths in the first 60 days of treatment for HIV-uninfected adults with tuberculous meningitis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Selective rab11 transport and the intrinsic regenerative ability of CNS axons

    Hiroaki Koseki et al.
    Mature axons lose the ability to regenerate because key growth molecules are excluded through changes in vesicle transport, and restoring transport can restore regeneration.

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