3,123 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Passive and active DNA methylation and the interplay with genetic variation in gene regulation

    Maria Gutierrez-Arcelus et al.
    Detailed analysis of umbilical cord cells shows that the associations between DNA methylation, gene expression and genetic variation are complex and context-dependent.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    miR-124 controls male reproductive success in Drosophila

    Ruifen Weng et al.
    A small RNA molecule called miR-124 controls pheromone production and sexual behaviour in Drosophila by regulating sex-specific gene expression in males.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Condensin controls recruitment of RNA polymerase II to achieve nematode X-chromosome dosage compensation

    William S Kruesi et al.
    C. elegans equalizes the expression of X-chromosome genes between the sexes by reducing the recruitment of RNA polymerase II to promoters of X-linked genes in hermaphrodites, using a chromosome-restructuring complex called condensin.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolutionary principles of modular gene regulation in yeasts

    Dawn A Thompson et al.
    The divergence of gene regulation during evolution in yeast traces phylogenetic distance with prominent changes being associated with changes in lifestyle and a whole genome duplication event.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The autoregulation of a eukaryotic DNA transposon

    Corentin Claeys Bouuaert et al.
    A DNA transposon, or ‘jumping gene’, controls its amplification within a genome through a competition between the enzyme multimers that are responsible for its mobility.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Genomics: The early days of late blight

    Paul RJ Birch, David EL Cooke
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    1. Plant Biology

    Arabidopsis plants perform arithmetic division to prevent starvation at night

    Antonio Scialdone et al.
    Plants implement arithmetic division to optimize use of carbohydrate reserves and thus maintain metabolism and growth at night.
    1. Neuroscience

    A longitudinal study of Caenorhabditis elegans larvae reveals a novel locomotion switch, regulated by Gαs signaling

    Stanislav Nagy et al.
    C. elegans exhibits two distinct behavioural macro-states, active and quiet wakefulness, and protein kinase A regulates switching between these two states.
    1. Neuroscience

    Skill learning strengthens cortical representations of motor sequences

    Tobias Wiestler, Jörn Diedrichsen
    Detailed analysis of fMRI data shows that sequences of movements are associated with individual patterns of neural activity that become more distinct with training.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Hypothemycin, a fungal natural product, identifies therapeutic targets in Trypanosoma brucei

    Mari Nishino et al.
    Hypothemycin, which inhibits a number of protein kinases, kills the T. brucei parasites that cause sleeping sickness and reveals new therapeutic targets for the disorder.

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