144 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    The neurons that mistook a hat for a face

    Michael J Arcaro et al.
    Neuronal recordings reveal complex, heterogeneous inputs to face-selective neurons, suggesting that inferotemporal neurons do not represent objects in isolation, but are also sensitive to object relationships that reflect environmental regularities.
    1. Ecology

    Regularities in species’ niches reveal the world’s climate regions

    Joaquín Calatayud et al.
    Similarities in climatic niches of terrestrial vertebrates indicate the Earth's climate regions, which differ among groups and from previous plant-based climate classifications.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    A stochastic multicellular model identifies biological watermarks from disorders in self-organized patterns of phyllotaxis

    Yassin Refahi et al.
    A stochastic model of phyllotaxis can explain the striking irregularities observed in the spiral patterns of plants and predicts that perturbation patterns provide key information about the underlying biochemical mechanisms.
    1. Neuroscience

    Statistical learning attenuates visual activity only for attended stimuli

    David Richter, Floris P de Lange
    Prior expectations, induced by statistical learning, affect sensory processing only for attended stimuli, thereby constraining neurocomputational theories that cast perception as an inferential process integrating prior knowledge and sensory evidence.
    1. Neuroscience

    Control of voluntary and optogenetically perturbed locomotion by spike rate and timing of neurons of the mouse cerebellar nuclei

    Rashmi Sarnaik, Indira M Raman
    Stride-related modulated firing by neurons of the cerebellar nuclei is required for smooth execution of practiced locomotion and persists more easily with synchronous than asynchronous Purkinje-mediated inhibition.
    1. Neuroscience

    Brain signatures of a multiscale process of sequence learning in humans

    Maxime Maheu et al.
    Evidence for multiple brain systems for sequence processing involving statistical inferences at multiple scales.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural mechanisms underlying expectation-dependent inhibition of distracting information

    Dirk van Moorselaar et al.
    Learned expectations allow for a distinct anticipatory distractor representation at the feature but not at the spatial level.
    1. Neuroscience

    Abstract rules drive adaptation in the subcortical sensory pathway

    Alejandro Tabas et al.
    Representations in the subcortical sensory pathway do not only adapt to stimulus properties but also rely on the observer’s subjective model of the world.
    1. Neuroscience

    Detecting and representing predictable structure during auditory scene analysis

    Ediz Sohoglu, Maria Chait
    Brain responses in humans demonstrate that the analysis of crowded acoustic scenes is based on a mechanism that infers the predictability of sensory information and up-regulates processing for reliable signals.
    1. Neuroscience

    Unimodal statistical learning produces multimodal object-like representations

    Gábor Lengyel et al.
    Mere exposure to scenes with statistical contingencies in the visual or haptic modality alone allows participants to decompose scenes into object-like multimodal representations.

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