5,337 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Multicellularity: The evolution of gene regulation

    Veronica Hinman, Gregory Cary
    The gene regulation mechanisms necessary for the development of complex multicellular animals have been found in sponges.
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    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Spatial control of neuronal metabolism through glucose-mediated mitochondrial transport regulation

    Anamika Agrawal et al.
    A quantitative analysis of glucose-dependent transport regulation indicates that mitochondrial accumulation in regions of high nutrient availability can enhance metabolism in neuronal axons under physiologically relevant conditions.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    The splicing regulator PTBP2 controls a program of embryonic splicing required for neuronal maturation

    Qin Li et al.
    PTBP2 ensures that adult protein variants are expressed only in mature neurons through regulation of alternative splicing during early neuronal development.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Expression noise facilitates the evolution of gene regulation

    Luise Wolf et al.
    In-lab evolution of synthetic promoters has revealed a novel general mechanism for de novo evolution of gene regulation, and highlights the crucial role of expression noise in this process.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Dynamic regulation of transcription factors by nucleosome remodeling

    Ming Li et al.
    Single molecule DNA unzipping reveals a novel model for the regulation of transcription factors and nucleosome positioning via nucleosome remodeling in yeast.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Regulation of X-linked gene expression during early mouse development by Rlim

    Feng Wang et al.
    Single embryo RNA-seq combined with mouse genetics provides a comprehensive view on the roles of Rlim and Xist for the regulation of X-linked gene expression during early mouse embryogenesis.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Quantitative proteomics reveals key roles for post-transcriptional gene regulation in the molecular pathology of facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy

    Sujatha Jagannathan et al.
    The myopathic transcription factor DUX4 induces discordant dysregulation of transcript and protein levels, demonstrating a key role for post-transcriptional gene regulation in facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural organization of a major neuronal G protein regulator, the RGS7-Gβ5-R7BP complex

    Dipak N Patil et al.
    Atomic details on structural organization and conformational dynamics of the key regulator of neuronal signaling shed light on its allosteric regulation and role in regulating cellular pathways.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A bipartite iron-dependent transcriptional regulation of the tryptophan salvage pathway in Chlamydia trachomatis

    Nick D Pokorzynski et al.
    Analysis of the atypical tryptophan biosynthetic operon of Chlamydia trachomatis revealed the simultaneous regulation of transcriptional initiation and termination by an iron-dependent repressor, expanding known regulatory mechanisms of this pathway.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Cell-sized confinement controls generation and stability of a protein wave for spatiotemporal regulation in cells

    Shunshi Kohyama et al.
    A cell-sized fully confined space significantly controls the emergence and stability of a protein wave, resulting in intracellular spatiotemporal regulation driven by a reaction-diffusion mechanism.

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