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    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Ion Channels: Exploiting natural regulation

    Catherine Proenza
    Using a short peptide to regulate the activity of HCN ion channels illustrates how physiological modulators could inspire new drugs. .
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Novel mechanism of metabolic co-regulation coordinates the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites in Pseudomonas protegens

    Qing Yan et al.
    The production of two secondary metabolites is co-regulated in a bacterium via an intermediate in one pathway that is converted into signals to activate the second pathway.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Community effects in regulation of translation

    Paul M Macdonald et al.
    Regulatory elements in an mRNA that act in cis to influence translation can also exert their effects in trans, in a process dependent on assembly of the mRNAs into particles.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Nascent-Seq reveals novel features of mouse circadian transcriptional regulation

    Jerome S Menet et al.
    Genome-wide measurements on mouse liver cells show that transcription, and a particular key transcription factor, have a smaller than expected influence on the mouse circadian system.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Quantitative time-resolved analysis reveals intricate, differential regulation of standard- and immuno-proteasomes

    Juliane Liepe et al.
    Experimental and computational analyses reveal how proteasomal hydrolysis is regulated and show that peptide transport is the rate-limiting step and the main differentiating factor between human standard- and immuno-proteasomes.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Architectural principles for Hfq/Crc-mediated regulation of gene expression

    Xue Yuan Pei et al.
    Structural insights show how RNA chaperones cooperate to recognise defined target transcripts and suppress gene expression.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Inference of gene regulation functions from dynamic transcriptome data

    Patrick Hillenbrand et al.
    Quantitative analysis of time-dependent transcription data elucidates the signal processing within the genetic network that regulates transcriptional cell cycle oscillations in yeast.
    1. Neuroscience

    An opioid-like system regulating feeding behavior in C. elegans

    Mi Cheong Cheong et al.
    The discovery that opioid neuropeptide neuronal signaling controls feeding behavior in a genetically tractable invertebrate model may help unravel the mechanisms of appetite control in humans.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    NOVA-dependent regulation of cryptic NMD exons controls synaptic protein levels after seizure

    Taesun Eom et al.
    The HITS-CLIP sequencing method is used to demonstrate that cryptic exons can detect messenger RNA that contains nonsense mutations, and then cause this RNA to decay, which shows that these exons are involved in maintaining the electrical balance of neurons and, possibly, preventing epilepsy.
    1. Plant Biology

    Temporal transcriptional response to ethylene gas drives growth hormone cross-regulation in Arabidopsis

    Katherine Noelani Chang et al.
    The plant hormone ethylene regulates the expression of multiple genes in the model plant Arabidopsis, including those that respond to other hormones.