10 results found
    1. Medicine

    The tricuspid valve also maladapts as shown in sheep with biventricular heart failure

    William D Meador et al.
    Demonstrating the tricuspid valve maladapts is critical, and understanding its regurgitation may aid in developing better treatment strategies.
    1. Cell Biology

    β3-Adrenoceptor redistribution impairs NO/cGMP/PDE2 signalling in failing cardiomyocytes

    Sophie Schobesberger et al.
    β3-AR signalling via cGMP in cardiomyocytes is regulated via phosphodiesterase 2 and 5 degradation, it is potentially cardioprotective, but dysregulated in heart failure through signal redistribution and higher phosphodiesterase activity.
    1. Cell Biology

    Tetherin is an exosomal tether

    James R Edgar et al.
    Blocking acidification causes endosomes to fuse with the plasma membrane, releasing exosomes that remain attached to the cell surface via the anti-viral protein tetherin.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Deep generative models for T cell receptor protein sequences

    Kristian Davidsen et al.
    Deep learning improves estimation of T cell receptor cohort frequencies and learns the rules of VDJ recombination, potentially making it helpful for vaccine design.
    1. Ecology

    Ant colonies maintain social homeostasis in the face of decreased density

    Andreas P Modlmeier et al.
    Organizational resilience allows ant colonies to retain high interaction rates in the face of decreased density by altering their spatial and social dynamics.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Biochemical adaptations of the retina and retinal pigment epithelium support a metabolic ecosystem in the vertebrate eye

    Mark A Kanow et al.
    Metabolic relationships between cells in the retina and retinal pigment epithelium are fundamental to retinal function, retinal disease and age-related vision loss and they may provide strategies for metabolism-based therapies.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The Photorhabdus asymbiotica virulence cassettes deliver protein effectors directly into target eukaryotic cells

    Isabella Vlisidou et al.
    The insect pathogenic bacterium Photorhabdus has evolved astonishing nano-scale analogues of hypodermic syringes that it uses to inject toxins into host cells.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Oral transfer of chemical cues, growth proteins and hormones in social insects

    Adria C LeBoeuf et al.
    The socially exchanged fluid passed mouth-to-mouth during trophallaxis contains molecules that can influence development, potentially mediating communal control of colony phenotypes.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Formicine ants swallow their highly acidic poison for gut microbial selection and control

    Simon Tragust et al.
    Poison acidified crops sanitize food and limit disease transmission while at the same time structuring the gut microbiota and thus contribute to the ecological and evolutionary success of formicine ants.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Endothelial TGF-β signaling instructs smooth muscle cell development in the cardiac outflow tract

    Giulia LM Boezio et al.
    Alk5/TGF-β signaling is required in the endothelium to orchestrate zebrafish cardiac outflow tract morphogenesis, regulating smooth muscle cell and extracellular matrix organization.

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