176 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Conditioning sharpens the spatial representation of rewarded stimuli in mouse primary visual cortex

    Pieter M Goltstein et al.
    Stimulus-reward learning sharpens the local representation of the visual space while leaving the overall retinotopic map intact.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Biophysical properties of single rotavirus particles account for the functions of protein shells in a multilayered virus

    Manuel Jiménez-Zaragoza et al.
    In triple-layered rotavirus particles, strong interaction between the external and middle layers provides high mechanical strength for protection tasks, while weaker interaction between the middle and inner layers favors transcription.
    1. Neuroscience

    Integrated externally and internally generated task predictions jointly guide cognitive control in prefrontal cortex

    Jiefeng Jiang et al.
    The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex integrates concurrent externally and internally generated predictions of task demand to guide information processing, while the medial prefrontal cortex corrects its prediction error based on actual task demand.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Ecology

    Trade-off shapes diversity in eco-evolutionary dynamics

    Farnoush Farahpour et al.
    In a minimalistic, generic model of competitive communities in which evolution is constrained by life-history trade-offs, stable biodiversity emerges with species adapted to different functional niches.
    1. Neuroscience

    Manipulating midbrain dopamine neurons and reward-related behaviors with light-controllable nicotinic acetylcholine receptors

    Romain Durand-de Cuttoli et al.
    In vivo deconstruction of reward-related behaviors with circuit and pharmacological specificity using designer, light-controllable nicotinic acetylcholine receptors.
    1. Neuroscience

    A subcortical circuit linking the cerebellum to the basal ganglia engaged in vocal learning

    Ludivine Pidoux et al.
    The cerebellum sends a functional input to the song-related basal ganglia via the thalamus in songbirds that can modify premotor activity, and it participates to song learning in juvenile birds.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning: The cerebellum influences vocal timing

    Court Hull
    We are starting to understand how the cerebellum contributes to vocal learning in songbirds.
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    1. Neuroscience

    A resource-rational theory of set size effects in human visual working memory

    Ronald van den Berg, Wei Ji Ma
    Set size effects in visual working memory are explained as a resource-rational trade-off between an error-based behavioral cost and a neural encoding cost.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sensory cortex is optimized for prediction of future input

    Yosef Singer et al.
    Prediction of future input explains diverse neural tuning properties in sensory cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Model-based fMRI reveals dissimilarity processes underlying base rate neglect

    Sean R O'Bryan et al.
    Model-based imaging shows that the rostrolateral prefrontal cortex supports dissimilarity-based heuristics that people may use when they are confronted with ambiguous scenarios.

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