367 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The recycling endosome protein Rab25 coordinates collective cell movements in the zebrafish surface epithelium

    Patrick Morley Willoughby et al.
    Rab25a and Rab25b mutant embryos exhibit epithelial spreading delays during morphogenesis and are characterized by cytokinesis defects leading to cell fusions, heterogeneous epithelial cell sizes, and reduced cortical actomyosin contractility.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mechanism for differential recruitment of orbitostriatal transmission during actions and outcomes following chronic alcohol exposure

    Rafael Renteria et al.
    Chronic alcohol exposure results in a long-lasting, enhanced endocannabinoid signalling at orbitostriatal synapses that is expressed in a projection-, synapse-, and behaviorally computation-specific manner.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural representation of abstract task structure during generalization

    Avinash R Vaidya et al.
    The human brain maintains a representation of latent task states within frontoparietal networks during the generalization of behaviors to novel settings.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Topological signatures in regulatory network enable phenotypic heterogeneity in small cell lung cancer

    Lakshya Chauhan et al.
    Network topology and gene expression patterns in small cell lung cancer reveal two mutually opposing teams of regulators that enable multistability and consequent non-genetic heterogeneity, a clinically unsolved challenge.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural basis of corruption in power-holders

    Yang Hu et al.
    Model-based fMRI reveals the neurocomputational bases of accepting a bribe when power-holders consider two moral costs, conniving with a fraudulent briber and the harm brought to a third party.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Effects of domestication on the gut microbiota parallel those of human industrialization

    Aspen T Reese et al.
    Gut microbial signatures of domestication parallel those of industrialization, implicating shared ecological drivers.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning precise spatiotemporal sequences via biophysically realistic learning rules in a modular, spiking network

    Ian Cone, Harel Z Shouval
    A computational model shows that it's possible to learn and replay extended temporal sequences in a network of spiking neurons with a modular architecture and a biologically realistic learning rule.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Microglial trogocytosis and the complement system regulate axonal pruning in vivo

    Tony KY Lim, Edward S Ruthazer
    In vivo time lapse imaging reveals that microglial trogocytosis of presynaptic elements is regulated by the complement system which controls axon morphogenesis in the developing brain.
    1. Neuroscience

    Tonic firing mode of midbrain dopamine neurons continuously tracks reward values changing moment-by-moment

    Yawei Wang et al.
    Although the phasic activity of midbrain dopamine neurons is known to represent reward values, these neurons displayed a tonic firing mode to continuously track reward values changing moment-by-moment.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Emergence and diversification of a highly invasive chestnut pathogen lineage across southeastern Europe

    Lea Stauber et al.
    The chestnut blight fungus has successfully established an intermediary, diverse European bridgehead population, giving rise to a highly invasive clonal lineage spreading across southeastern Europe.

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