250 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The origins and relatedness structure of mixed infections vary with local prevalence of P. falciparum malaria

    Sha Joe Zhu et al.
    Variation in the rate of mixed infections by malaria parasites and the relatedness structure among infecting strains reveals diversity in local epidemiological processes.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Living with relatives offsets the harm caused by pathogens in natural populations

    Hanna M Bensch et al.
    Experiments show that pathogens spread more easily among relatives causing increased mortality, but such costs are cancelled out by the benefits of living with kin when pathogens are rare.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The evolution of non-reproductive workers in insect colonies with haplodiploid genetics

    Jason W Olejarz et al.
    A mathematical model predicts the precise conditions for natural selection to favor the evolution of non-reproductive workers in insect colonies with haplodiploid genetics.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pro-social behavior in rats is modulated by social experience

    Inbal Ben-Ami Bartal et al.
    Rats show socially selective helping behavior based on familiarity with the type of rat, but not necessarily the individual rat.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Genomics of 1 million parent lifespans implicates novel pathways and common diseases and distinguishes survival chances

    Paul RHJ Timmers et al.
    Genomic associations with lifespan principally reflect heart disease/smoking/dementia but not other cancers, and distinguish lifespan differences of five years between top/bottom deciles of a score derived from DNA alone.
    1. Neuroscience

    Theta oscillations locked to intended actions rhythmically modulate perception

    Alice Tomassini et al.
    Theta oscillations synchronize perception with the emerging motor intention in an automatic and task-independent way.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    Genetic architecture of 11 organ traits derived from abdominal MRI using deep learning

    Yi Liu et al.
    Systematic quantification of abdominal organ health parameters using deep learning generates new insights into the genetic architecture of cardiometabolic health traits.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Risk of psychiatric disorders among the surviving twins after a co-twin loss

    Huan Song et al.
    A population-based analysis demonstrates that surviving twins who lose their co-twins by death are at considerably elevated risks of developing psychiatric disorders.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    Genetic identification of a common collagen disease in Puerto Ricans via identity-by-descent mapping in a health system

    Gillian Morven Belbin et al.
    A health-system embedding method for genomic discovery and clinical characterization of disease highlights the importance of documenting a wider spectrum of genetic disorders in diverse populations.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Independent evolution of ancestral and novel defenses in a genus of toxic plants (Erysimum, Brassicaceae)

    Tobias Züst et al.
    A gain-of-function in a new chemical defense resulted in no trade-offs and and independent evolution between novel and ancestral defenses, suggesting low redundancy among different defensive chemicals.

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