7,632 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    A transcriptomic taxonomy of Drosophila circadian neurons around the clock

    Dingbang Ma et al.
    Drosophila clock neurons manifest remarkable heterogeneity, which might be generally true and help explain why Drosophila has a sophisticated behavioral repertoire despite a tiny brain of about 100,000 neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Deleting Mecp2 from the cerebellum rather than its neuronal subtypes causes a delay in motor learning in mice

    Nathan P Achilly et al.
    The loss of Mecp2 results in cerebellar dysfunction that contributes to the motor deficits in Rett syndrome.
    1. Neuroscience

    Release probability increases towards distal dendrites boosting high-frequency signal transfer in the rodent hippocampus

    Dmitri A Rusakov et al.
    Excitatory synapses that occur further away from the postsynaptic cell soma exhibit greater neurotransmitter release probability, which appears to improve signal transfer fidelity for high-frequency afferent firing.
    1. Neuroscience

    A cell atlas of the chick retina based on single-cell transcriptomics

    Masahito Yamagata et al.
    A molecular atlas of the chick retina provides a comprehensive classification and characterization of 136 cell types, yielding novel insights into retinal structure, function, development, and evolution.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Mutations in SKI in Shprintzen–Goldberg syndrome lead to attenuated TGF-β responses through SKI stabilization

    Ilaria Gori et al.
    The mechanism underlying Shprintzen–Goldberg syndrome is solved and reveals that missense mutations in the transcriptional repressor SKI abolish ligand-induced SKI degradation, which results in attenuation of TGF-β transcriptional responses.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Differential impact of BTK active site inhibitors on the conformational state of full-length BTK

    Raji E Joseph et al.
    The first-in-class kinase inhibitor, Ibrutinib, destabilizes its autoinhibited Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) target, and a remote resistance mutation causes global structural changes that activate BTK catalytic activity.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Asymmetric random walks reveal that the chemotaxis network modulates flagellar rotational bias in Helicobacter pylori

    Jyot D Antani et al.
    Asymmetric forward and backward swimming speeds reveal that the rotational bias, and not reversal frequencies, is an appropriate measure of chemotaxis signaling in Helicobacter pylori..
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A novel motif of Rad51 serves as an interaction hub for recombination auxiliary factors

    Negar Afshar et al.
    Although Rad51 is the central protein involved in recombinational DNA repair, multiple auxiliary factors potentiate its activity by binding to a single, evolutionarily conserved motif.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Roles of the ClC chloride channel CLH-1 in food-associated salt chemotaxis behavior of C. elegans

    Chanhyun Park et al.
    A ClC chloride channel protein allows neurons to interpret both temporal resolution and intensity of sensory input, which thereby contributes to an experience-dependent navigation behavior.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Medicine

    The half-life of the bone-derived hormone osteocalcin is regulated through O-glycosylation in mice, but not in humans

    Omar Al Rifai et al.
    In mice, but not in humans, the bone-derived hormone osteocalcin is O-glycosylated, a post-translational modification controlling its half-life in vivo.

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