1,308 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    The structural connectome constrains fast brain dynamics

    Pierpaolo Sorrentino et al.
    The fast spreading of neural activity across the brain has a complex structure, imposed by the white-matter bundles.
    1. Plant Biology

    Two NLR immune receptors acquired high-affinity binding to a fungal effector through convergent evolution of their integrated domain

    Aleksandra Białas et al.
    The HMA domains of Pikp-1 and Pikm-1 NLR receptors have convergently evolved to bind AVR-PikD with high affinity through distinct evolutionary and biochemical paths.
    1. Neuroscience

    GluA4 facilitates cerebellar expansion coding and enables associative memory formation

    Katarzyna Kita et al.
    GluA4-containing AMPA receptors are required for effective excitation of cerebellar granule cells and enable expansion coding and associative learning.
    1. Medicine

    Mechanisms underlying neonate-specific metabolic effects of volatile anesthetics

    Julia Stokes et al.
    Volatile anesthetics impair hepatic tricarboxylic acid cycle function in adult and neonatal mice, with citrate accumulation driving a neonate-specific inhibition of beta-oxidation and ketosis through their increased relative sensitivity to malonyl-CoA.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Matriptase activation of Gq drives epithelial disruption and inflammation via RSK and DUOX

    Jiajia Ma et al.
    The serine protease Matriptase orchestrates simultaneous epithelial cell motility and inflammation in pathological states through respective activation of the MAPK pathway and generation of hydrogen peroxide.
    1. Neuroscience

    Increased influence of prior choices on perceptual decisions in autism

    Helen Feigin et al.
    Perceptual decisions are influenced by preceding choices to a larger extent in individuals with autism spectrum disorder, such that they demonstrate a greater consistency bias.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Cortex cis-regulatory switches establish scale colour identity and pattern diversity in Heliconius

    Luca Livraghi et al.
    The evolution of a butterfly mimetic phenotype is driven by modular cis-regulstory switches controlling a ‘hotspot’ gene.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Distinct skeletal stem cell types orchestrate long bone skeletogenesis

    Thomas H Ambrosi et al.
    Functional and molecular analyses of two distinct skeletal stem cell populations establish the important role of stem cell diversity that provides a framework for novel investigations into skeletal biology.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reconciling functional differences in populations of neurons recorded with two-photon imaging and electrophysiology

    Joshua H Siegle et al.
    Discrepancies between functional responses measured with electrophysiology and calcium imaging can be largely reconciled by considering the spike-to-calcium transfer function, neuronal sampling bias, and cluster merging artifacts during spike sorting.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Action potential-coupled Rho GTPase signaling drives presynaptic plasticity

    Shataakshi Dube O'Neil et al.
    Proteomic and genetic analysis discovers a new cytoskeletal mechanism of presynaptic short-term plasticity common across neuronal cell types.

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