897 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Regulation of nerve growth and patterning by cell surface protein disulphide isomerase

    Geoffrey MW Cook et al.
    The nerve growth-repellent activity that generates spinal nerve repeat-patterning in birds and mammals is identified at the molecular level, and a similar system is revealed in adult brain grey matter.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    A stochastic multicellular model identifies biological watermarks from disorders in self-organized patterns of phyllotaxis

    Yassin Refahi et al.
    A stochastic model of phyllotaxis can explain the striking irregularities observed in the spiral patterns of plants and predicts that perturbation patterns provide key information about the underlying biochemical mechanisms.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Striking parallels between dorsoventral patterning in Drosophila and Gryllus reveal a complex evolutionary history behind a model gene regulatory network

    Matthias Pechmann et al.
    Crucial functions of Toll signalling during dorsoventral axis formation might have evolved convergently in flies and crickets.
    1. Plant Biology

    The manifold actions of signaling peptides on subcellular dynamics of a receptor specify stomatal cell fate

    Xingyun Qi et al.
    A binary cell fate decision to be or not to be stomata is regulated by multiple peptide ligands, each triggering a unique subcellular dynamics of their shared receptor.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Coordination of tissue cell polarity by auxin transport and signaling

    Carla Verna et al.
    GNOM controls both auxin transport and auxin signaling to coordinate tissue cell polarity during vein patterning in plants.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rap2 and TNIK control Plexin-dependent tiled synaptic innervation in C. elegans

    Xi Chen et al.
    Plexin controls the spatial distribution of synapses by locally inhibiting Rap2 small GTPase activity along the axon, and a Rap2 effector, TNIK, which also plays a key role in inhibiting synapse number.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Micropattern differentiation of mouse pluripotent stem cells recapitulates embryo regionalized cell fate patterning

    Sophie M Morgani et al.
    Micropatterned differentiation of mouse pluripotent stem cells gives rise to regionally distinct cell types arising in embryos at gastrulation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Purkinje cell neurotransmission patterns cerebellar basket cells into zonal modules defined by distinct pinceau sizes

    Joy Zhou et al.
    Targeted genetic silencing and reporter labeling reveal that Purkinje cell activity organizes cerebellar basket cells into zonal modules based on the sizes of their projections.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Antagonism between germ cell-less and Torso receptor regulates transcriptional quiescence underlying germline/soma distinction

    Megan M Colonnetta et al.
    A molecular duel between germline and somatic determinants ensures proper establishment of transcriptional quiescence in the primordial germ cells of early Drosophila embryos.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Dynamics of BMP signaling and distribution during zebrafish dorsal-ventral patterning

    Autumn P Pomreinke et al.
    Patterning of the dorsal-ventral axis in zebrafish is mediated by a graded source-sink mechanism in which diffusing BMP, produced from a ventrally biased source, is inhibited by dorsally-produced chordin.

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