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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Vibrio deploys type 2 secreted lipase to esterify cholesterol with host fatty acids and mediate cell egress

    Suneeta Chimalapati et al.
    Considering the course of a pathogen's evolution, there appears to be interplay between secretion systems, providing unique, synergistic mechanisms to support a successful lifestyle for possibly pathogenesis, symbiosis and/or parasitosis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Infant and adult SCA13 mutations differentially affect Purkinje cell excitability, maturation, and viability in vivo

    Jui-Yi Hsieh et al.
    Electrophysiological analysis and imaging in live zebrafish reveal that infant- and adult-onset SCA13 mutations have distinct effects on the electrical activity, development, and survival of cerebellar Purkinje cells.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Interrogating the recognition landscape of a conserved HIV-specific TCR reveals distinct bacterial peptide cross-reactivity

    Juan L Mendoza et al.
    Potential for specific microbiome-directed, MHC-restricted shaping of a commonly selected HIV-specific CD8+ T cell population was suggested by MHC class I yeast display-based peptide screening approaches.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Profiling of myristoylation in Toxoplasma gondii reveals an N-myristoylated protein important for host cell penetration

    Malgorzata Broncel et al.
    Myristoylation of a secreted protein, identified in a global myristoylation analysis of the eukaryotic parasite Toxoplasma gondii, is important for host cell invasion.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    Does the human placenta express the canonical cell entry mediators for SARS-CoV-2?

    Roger Pique-Regi et al.
    The human placenta negligibly co-expresses the transcripts encoding the canonical cell-entry mediators for SARS-CoV-2, which explains why mothers with COVID-19 rarely transmit the virus to the fetus.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Diverse homeostatic and immunomodulatory roles of immune cells in the developing mouse lung at single cell resolution

    Racquel Domingo-Gonzalez et al.
    Single cell transcriptomics reveal a complex orchestration of lung immune cells during the transition from fetal to air-breathing life to fill context-specific functions in tissue remodeling, angiogenesis, and immunity.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Umbilical cord blood-derived ILC1-like cells constitute a novel precursor for mature KIR+NKG2A- NK cells

    Sabrina Bianca Bennstein et al.
    Neonatal ILC1-like cells are functionally immature but have the unique potential to generate NK cells characterized by downregulation of NKG2A and a highly diverse KIR receptor repertoire.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Cancer systems immunology

    Nathan E Reticker-Flynn, Edgar G Engleman
    Cancer systems immunology is a highly interdisciplinary field that is advancing our ability to understand and predict the complex behavior that orchestrates the interplay between tumors and the immune system.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Alternative polyadenylation mediates genetic regulation of gene expression

    Briana E Mittleman et al.
    Genetic variation can impact multiple levels of gene regulation and disease through alternative polyadenylation.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Evolutionarily conserved regulation of immunity by the splicing factor RNP-6/PUF60

    Chun Kew et al.
    The splicing factor RNP-6/PUF60 suppresses immunity by modulating host splicing and transcriptional responses to infection.