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    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Science Forum: A Global lmmunological Observatory to meet a time of pandemics

    Michael J Mina et al.
    The COVID-19 pandemic has clearly demonstrated the need for a global system to monitor the dynamics of susceptibility and immunity, as well as infection, during epidemics and pandemics.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Science Forum: Viral factors in influenza pandemic risk assessment

    Marc Lipsitch et al.
    We identify key strengths and limitations in use of viral genotyping and phenotyping to estimate pandemic risk from influenza A viruses, focusing on 3 traits, hemagglutinin binding specificity, hemagglutinin pH of activation, and polymerase complex efficiency.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Functionally diverse human T cells recognize non-microbial antigens presented by MR1

    Marco Lepore et al.
    MR1T cells are human polyclonal T cells endowed with diverse effector functions in response to endogenous antigens presented by MHC-class 1-related molecule, MR1.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Variation in olfactory neuron repertoires is genetically controlled and environmentally modulated

    Ximena Ibarra-Soria et al.
    The neuronal composition of a mouse’s nose is individually unique due to a combination of olfactory experience and genetic variation local to olfactory receptor genes.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The C. elegans neural editome reveals an ADAR target mRNA required for proper chemotaxis

    Sarah N Deffit et al.
    Identification of tissue-specific RNA editing using a robust, publicly-available platform (SAILOR) reveals noncoding A-to-I editing events required for proper gene expression and neurological function, significantly advancing the understanding of how ADARs function in neural cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    PPP1R15A-mediated dephosphorylation of eIF2α is unaffected by Sephin1 or Guanabenz

    Ana Crespillo-Casado et al.
    The notion that the drug-like small molecule Sephin1 protects against protein misfolding by selectively disrupting a cellular phosphatase is refuted.
    1. Neuroscience

    Oxytocin improves behavioral and electrophysiological deficits in a novel Shank3-deficient rat

    Hala Harony-Nicolas et al.
    The production, validation and study of a novel rat model for Phelan McDermid Syndrome shows an ameliorative effect of oxytocin on both social and attentional deficits.